Quality learning practices
Whether it be as large as a full program of study or a small as an individual class or online activity, everything that we teach should have some overarching intended learning outcomes that we aim for students to know or do at the completion.
Effective learning outcomes are important for staff because they:
- direct what ‘content’ (knowledge, skills application of knowledge and skills) should be taught and what students should learn
- determine what teaching strategies, and level of learning experiences are needed to help students learn
- direct the approach to demonstrating that learning through assessment
- contextualise selected University generic graduate attributes for the discipline and year level of the course
Effective learning outcomes are important for students because they provide them with a:
- framework to guide and focus their studies
- discipline-specific set of statements that articulate with graduate attributes and/or discipline standards at course and/or university level (UoW 2004).
Constructing learning outcomes
A well-constructed learning outcome requires a verb. There are several taxonomy frameworks which assist in classifying learning outcomes, i.e. from simple to complex and from concrete to abstract, with the Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy, being the most commonly used. When writing learning outcomes, ensure that they are on what the learner should be able to know and do at the end of the program/course/class/module, and are therefore achievement-oriented. Identify important learning requirements that are about ‘knowing’ and ‘doing’. Choosing the right verb for the level of learning required is important to align student and teacher expectations.
Search Bloom's Taxonomy Wheel which lists a range of actions and activities applicable for each level of learning to assist you in developing learning objectives or outcomes for your teaching practices.
Embedding student supports
It is considered best practice to ensure that your students have access to the supports and resources they need to succeed in learning. The integration or embedding of academic and learning resources, skills and supports into specific courses ensures that students are provided with the relevant study support that are specific to their learning needs and assessment tasks, and are available in a timely manner. By embedding student supports into a course, it becomes part of a student’s study load and is integrated into their study requirements, rather than sitting outside the curriculum where students cannot always find them.
- Contact your School’s Associate Dean of Teaching Quality to support you in any development or refinement of intended learning outcomes for Course Outlines. Note that changes to learning outcomes at this level require approval from School and Academic Boards. Your ADTQ will advise you of this process.
- Contact your School Learning Designer to support you in the development of creating learning outcomes for your individual classes or online modules.