Professor Gerard A. Kennedy
Phone: (03) 53276651
Room: H 211
Position: Research Professor
- BBSc (Hons) (LaTrobe)
- PhD (La Trobe)
- Grad Dip Mntl Hlth Sci (Clin Hypn) (Melb)
- Clinical and Health Psychology
- General and Biological Psychology
Psychology Board of Australia
- General Registration, with Clinical Endorsement (PSY0001119481)
- Board Approved Supervisor
- Australian Psychological Society
- Clinical College of the Australian Psychological Society
- Australian Society of Hypnosis
- Australian Association for Clinical Hypnosis (Life Member)
- Australasian Sleep Association
- Australasian Chronobiology Society (Foundation Member)
- International Society for Chronobiology.
- Narcolepsy and Overwhelming Daytime Sleep Society (Honorary Life Member)
- Australian Mammal Society
- Sleep Health Foundation (Foundation Member)
- World Sleep Society
Professor Gerard Kennedy is a clinical psychologist with expertise in the diagnosis and psychological treatment of sleep disorders. He has developed expertise in sleep psychology during more than 20 years of practice as a senior clinical psychologist in the Department(s) of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine at both the Austin Hospital and Monash Medical Centre. He maintains a strong research program in sleep and circadian rhythms, and other areas of psychology. He has published more than 200 research articles and given many presentations at conferences, in the media and to community organizations. Many of his papers and presentations have been on issues related to sleep and health psychology. He has received over 60 grants from universities, the ARC, NHMRC and TAC. He has supervised the research of many Honours, Masters, Doctor of Psychology and Ph.D. students and supervised probationary psychologists for professional registration.
Publications (last 5 years)
Nkhoma, G., Lim, C. X., Kennedy, G. A., & Stupans, I. (2020) Reducing health inequities in asylum seekers with chronic non-communicable diseases: Australian Context. Australian Journal of Primary Health. (In press)
Shahin, W, Kennedy, G. A., Cockshaw, W., & Stupans, I. (2020) Role of medication beliefs on medication adherence in hypertensive Middle Eastern refugees and migrants in Australia. Patient Preference and Adherence, 14, 2163–2173.
Alomri; R., Kennedy, G. A., Wali; S., Ahejiaili; F., & Robinson, S. (2020) Differential associations of hypoxia, sleep fragmentation and depressive symptoms with cognitive dysfunction in obstructive sleep apnoea. SLEEP,-2020-0393.R2
Singh, H. K., Kennedy, G. A., & Stupans, I. (2020) Does health coaching modality matter? A systematic review of health coaching outcomes. Patient Preference and Adherence. 24, 14, 1477–1492. doi:10.2147/PPA.S265958
Khan, W. A. A., Conduit, R., Kennedy, G. A., & Jackson, M. L. (2020) The relationship between shift-work, sleep and mental health among paramedics in Australia. Sleep Health, 6, 3, 330-337. doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2019.12.002
Khan, W., Conduit, R., Kennedy, G. A., Alslamah, A., Alsuwayeh, M., & Jackson, M. L. (2020) Sleep and mental health among paramedics from Australia and Saudi Arabia: a comparison study. Clocks & Sleep, 2, 2, 246-257; doi:org/10.3390/clockssleep202001
Shahin, W, Kennedy, G. A., & Stupans, I. (2020) The consequences of general medication beliefs measured by the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire on medication adherence: A systematic review. Pharmacy, 8, 147; doi:10.3390/pharmacy8030147
Apel, S., Hudson, R., Coleman, G.J., Rödel, H.G., & Kennedy, G.A. (2020) Regulation of the rabbit’s once-daily pattern of nursing: circadian or hourglass-dependent process? Chronobiology International doi:10.1080/07420528.2020.1805459
Singh, H. K., Kennedy, G. A., & Stupans, I. (2020) Pharmacist health coaching in Australian community pharmacies: what do pharmacy professionals think? Health and Social Care in the Community. doi:10.1111/hsc.12952
Singh, H. K., Kennedy, G. A., & Stupans, I. (2020) Competencies and training of health professionals engaged in health coaching: A systematic review. Chronic Illness doi.org/10.1177/1742395319899466
Shahin, W, Kennedy, G. A., Cockshaw, W., & Stupans, I. (2020) The role of refugee and migrant migration status on medication adherence: Mediation through illness perceptions. PLOS ONE doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227326 January 10, 2020.
Alomri; R., Kennedy, G. A., Wali; S., Ahejiaili; F., & Robinson, S. (2019) Hypoxia, not sleep disruptions, accounts for impaired Psychomotor Vigilance Test performance in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. Journal of Sleep Research, 28(S1), P078.
Dameer, A. M., Jackson, M. L., Kennedy, G. A., & Robinson, S. (2019) Literature review on the association between obstructive sleep apnoea and organ damage. Journal of Sleep Research, 28(S1), P095.
Kahn, W., Conduit, R., Kennedy, G. A., & Jackson, M. L. (2019) The effect of rotating shifts on sleep, mood, and stress of Australian paramedics: a field study. Journal of Sleep Research, 27(e63_12766). doi:10.1111/jsr.63_12766
Kodsi, A., Bullock, B., Tirlea, L., & Kennedy, G. (2019) Psychological interventions to improve sleep in young adults: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Journal of Sleep Research, 28(S1), P136.
Meaklim, H., Junge, M., Rehm, I., Monfries, M., Meltzer, L. J., Kennedy, G. A., Bucks, R. S., & Jackson., M. L. (2019) Sleep psychology training improves sleep knowledge in Australian postgraduate psychology students: a pilot. Journal of Sleep Research, 28(S1), P137.
Oraison, B., & Kennedy, G. A. (2019) The effect of social support in chronic back pain: number of treatment sessions and reported disability. Disability & Rehabilitation doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1668969
Rajoo, Y., Wong, J., Cooper G, Raj, I. S., Castle D. J., Chong, A. H., Green, J., & Kennedy, G. A. (2019) The relationship between physical activity levels and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in individuals with Alopecia Areata. BMC Psychology, 7(48), 1-7. doi:org/10.1186/s40359-019-0324-x
Singh, H. K., Kennedy, G. A., & Stupans, I. (2019) Interviews with key stakeholders: opinions about and attitudes to pharmacy health coaching. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 15(5), e20 doi:10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.03.125
Shahin, W, Kennedy, G. & Stupans, I. (2019) The impact of personal and cultural beliefs on medication adherence of patients with chronic illnesses: a systematic review. Patient Preference and Adherence, 13, 1019-1035. doi:10.2147/PPA.S212046
Meaklim, H., Abbott., J. M., Kennedy, G. A., Murray, G., Klein, B., & Rehm, I. (2019) Lessons learned from delivering an online intervention for insomnia in a public hospital outpatient setting. Australian Psychologist, 1-10, doi:101111/ap.12374
Hudson, R., Rodel, H. G., Trejo Elizalde, M., Kennedy, G. A. & Smith, B. P. (2019) Diurnal pattern of pre-weaning den visits and nursing in breeding pairs of captive dingoes (Canis dingo). Mammalian Biology, 94, 86-91. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2018.07.002
Singh, H. K., Kennedy, G. A., & Stupans, I. (2019) A systematic review of pharmacy health coaching and an evaluation of patient outcomes. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, doi:10.1016/j.sapharm.2018.04.012
Shahin, W, Kennedy, G. & Stupans, I. (2018) Health beliefs and chronic illnesses of refugees: A systematic review. Ethnicity and Health, doi:10.1080/13557858.2018.1557118
Khan W., Jackson, M., Conduit, R., & Kennedy, G. (2018) The effect of shift work and sleep disorders on mental health in Victorian Paramedics. Journal of Sleep Research, 27(2), P064.
Cori, J. M., Jackson, M. L., Barnes, M., Westlake, J., Emerson, P., Lee, J., Galante, R., Hayley, A., Wilsmore, N., Kennedy, G. A., & Howard, M. (2018) The differential effects of regular shift work and obstructive sleep apnea on sleepiness, mood and neurocognitive function. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 40, 68-69, doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2017.11.195
Burnett, N. M., Alvaro, P. K., Kennedy, G. A., Yu Xun Min, W., McMahon, M., Barnes, M., Jackson, M., & Howard, M. E. (2018) Driver Education: Enhancing Knowledge of Sleep, Fatigue and Risky Behaviour to Improve Decision Making in Young Drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 112, 77-83. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2017.12.017.
Schembri, R., Spong, J., Peters, A., Rochford, P., Wilksch, P., O’Donoghue, F., Greenwood, K., Barnes, M., Kennedy, G. A., & David J Berlowitz, B. J. (2017) Light sensors for objective light measurement in ambulatory polysomnography. PLOS ONE, doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188124
Kennedy, G. A., & Hudson, R. (2016) Phase response curve to 1-hour light pulses for the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Chronobiology International, The Journal of Biological and Medical Rhythm Research, 33(8), 1120-1128. doi:10.1080/07420528.2016.1191506
Hudson, R., Rödel, H. R., Trejo Elizalde, M., Arteaga, L., Kennedy., G. A., & Smith, B. (2016) Pattern of nipple use by puppies: a comparison of the dingo (Canis dingo) and the domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 130(3),269-7, doi:10.1037/com0000023.
Jackson, M. L., Kennedy, G. A., Clarke, C., Gullo, M., Swann, P., Downey, L. A., Hayley, A. C., Pierce, R. J., & Howard, M. E. (2016) The utility of automated measures of ocular metrics for detecting driver drowsiness during extended wakefulness. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 87, 127-133.
Grants (last 5 years)
2020 Amount: $500.00 Grant: National Alopecia Areata Foundation (NAAF) Student Internship Award. Project: Physical Activity Combined with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Individuals with Alopecia Areata: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Rajoo, Y., Wong, J., Selva Raj, I., & Kennedy, G. A.
2020-2019 Amount: $7629.60 Grant: Australia Alopecia Areata Foundation Incorporated, Grant to Support PhD student (Yamuna Rajoo) Project: Physical activity combined with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for individuals with Alopecia Areata: A randomised controlled trial. Rajoo, Y., Wong, J., Selva Raj, I., & Kennedy, G. A.
2023-2019 Amount: $722,000 Grant: Australian Navy Project: Detection of objects in the sea under different condtions. Robinson, S., Conduit, R., Cockshaw, W., De Foe, A., & Kennedy, G. A.
2020-2018Amount: $46,000 Grant: Chiropractors' Association of Australia (Scholarship funding). Project: Whole person benefits of chiropractic care in a voluntary healthcare clinic serving disadvantaged communities. Hone, D., Vindigni, D., Doyle, K., & Kennedy, G. A.
2018 Amount: $13,157.20 Grant: Barbara Dicker Brain Science Foundation. Project: Sleep Problems in Young People: Assessing Impact on Mental Health Outcomes. Kodsi, A., Bullock, B., Tirlea, L., & Kennedy, G. A.
2018-2017 Amount: $3295.60 Grant: Australia Alopecia Areata Foundation Incorporated, Grant to Support Ph.D. Student (Yamuna Rajoo). Project: The relationship between physical activity levels and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in individuals with Alopecia Areata. Wong, J., Selva Raj, I., Rajoo, Y., & Kennedy, G. A.
2017 Amount: $9,900 Grant: Scheme for Teaching & Learning Research (STeLR), College of Science Engineering and Health, RMIT University. Project: A pilot study: Training allied health students to become agents of change for health behaviours. Kennedy, G. A., Zheng, Z., Kimpton, A., Gason, S., Zhang, T., Fazalbhoy, A., Vindigin, D., Mansu, S., Harman, S., Chan, V., Baverstock, K., Spencer, K., Selva Raj, I., Stupans, L., Xenos, S., & Wong, J.
2016-2015 Amount: $24,799.70 Grant: Army Research Scheme. Project: Improving complex decision making in Army personnel under conditions of fatigue and sleep deprivation during simulated prolonged field operations. Kennedy, G. A., Jackson, M., Cvetkovic, D., & Conduit, R.
Research Higher Degree Completions (last 5 years)
Harjit Singh Thesis: Health coaching in community pharmacy. (Co-supervisor Prof. Ieva Stupans, RMIT University)
Ridwan Alomri Thesis: Neurocognitive function and performance in obstructive sleep apnoea and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: The relative contributions of sleep disruption and hypoxemia. (Co-supervisor Prof. Stephen Robinson, RMIT University)
Wahaj Khan Thesis: The relationship between shift-work, sleep and mental health among Paramedics in Australia. (Co-supervisors Dr. Russell Conduit, RMIT University & Dr. Melinda Jackson, Monash University)
Humberto Oraison Thesis: Living with back pain: a biopsychosocial analysis of contributing factors. (Victoria University)