Personal communication

In-text citation


Erin Gerlich stated that her writing inspiration is often found in …

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " ".

"When I am planning my current novel, I take inspiration from …" (Gerlich).

Works cited


Communicator. "Subject line." received by recipient name, Day Month Year (message sent).

Gerlich, Erin. "Re. Inspirational cues." Received by Mary Scott, 7 June 2008.

  • This treatment applies to communications between you and another person in letters, emails, conversations, personal interviews, or posts/comments on social media or other sites protected by privacy settings.
  • Give the name of the communicator (seek approval) and use the subject line in quotation marks. State to whom the message was sent with the phrase "Received by" and the recipient's name. Include the date the message was sent.