In-text citations

Paraphrasing

Black holes are a fascinating phenomenon because … (Reed 501).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s).

D. L. Reed asserts that "black holes can be found all over the solar system particularly …" (501).

Works Cited

TEMPLATE

Author. “Title of Entry.” Title of Work. Edition, Volume, Publisher, Year, Page range of entry,  URL.

Reed, D. L. “Black Holes.” The Encyclopedia of Science. 3rd ed., Vol. 4.,  Academic Resources, 2003, pp. 501-508.

e-book

McColl, Graham. “ABBA.” Encyclopedia of Music in the 20th Century, edited by Lee Stacy and Lol Henderson, Routledge, 2014. Kindle file.

Online

Perlstein, Rick. “Watergate Scandal.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online, 2012, www.britannica.com/event/Watergate-Scandal. Accessed 12 Apr. 2018.


** Check with your teacher or lecturer before using Wikipedia as a reference source.

  • Treat like a chapter from a book. (If using the whole work, treat like a book.)
  • Give author of entry if one is named, otherwise begin with title.
  • Give title of entry (in quotation marks) and title of whole work (italics).
  • Add page, edition and volume numbers (if applicable) after title for print (and print versions online).
  • Place and publisher are not needed for widely used reference works; just give year.