Speech, Performance, recorded

In-text citations


According to Winston Churchill during World War II …

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the year and a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"At this solemn hour I declare …" (Churchill 0:30).

Works Cited


Performer. “Title.” Title of whole work (where applicable). Date recorded. Label, Year (or Website Name and date, if online).

Performance (CD)

Seinfeld, Jerry. I’m Telling You for the Last Time: Live on Broadway. Performance. 9 Aug. 1998. Universal, 1998.

Speech recording (vinyl)

Churchill, Winston. “In a Solemn Hour.” Winston Churchill: A Selection from his Famous Wartime Speeches. Recorded 19 May 1940. Decca, 1964.

Speech recording (online video)

Kennedy, John F. “Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner).” Speech. 26 June 1963. Online video clip. American Rhetoric. American Rhetoric, 17 June 2009. Accessed 14 Nov. 2013.

Speech recording (online audio)

King, Martin Luther, Jr. “I Have a Dream.” Speech. 28 August 1963. Online audio clip. King Institute. The King Center, 2013. 6 Jan. 2014.

  • Give speaker/performer at beginning of entry.
  • Give title of whole show/performance in italics. Give title of speeches/acts in quotation marks.
  • Give date of recording, description of form and label and year of publication.
  • ONLINE: Add website, publisher, publication medium, and date of access.