In-text citations


Neil Armstrong fondly remembers … (Armstrong 2001, September 19, p. 5).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between single quotation marks ' ' and provide the page number(s).

'When we finally landed on the moon …' (Armstrong 2001, September 19,  p. 5).

Reference list


Interviewee Date, Title (Interviewer Name, Interviewer), transcript, Publisher. OR DOI/URL


Armstrong, NA 2001, September 19, An interview with Neil Armstrong (SE Ambrose, Interviewer), transcript, Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, viewed 16 July 2014,

  • Stand-alone interviews can be used as references if recoverable by your reader (e.g., transcripts or recordings). Treat interviews that are not recoverable as personal communications (see example in Other sources - Personal communication).
  • Name the interviewee at the beginning of the entry and the interviewer in round brackets after the title. If no title, give description in square brackets. Give form where needed, and the date of the interview if provided.
  • Format the rest of the entry according to the category of material accessed (e.g., video/audio file).