In-text citations

Paraphrasing

According to Hull and Drennon (2011, Feb 17) Plants lose 95% of their moisture through the stomata spore ...

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between single quotation marks ' '.

A stomata is "a microscopic spore in the epidermis of a plants" (Hull & Drennon 2011, Feb 17).

Reference list

TEMPLATE

Author Year/Date, Title, format, other identifying detail OR DOI/URL

ONLINE DOCUMENT/FILE

Hull, B. & Drennon, D.  2011, Feb. 17, Stomata density, PowerPoint slides, online course materials, February 17, 2011, SlideShare, available from https://www.slideshare.net/BreanaHull/stomata-density-denzelbreana-6963546

ONLINE LECTURE

Lucas, J, 2012, September 4, Drought tolerant plants: Introductory lecture, video file, online course materials, viewed 30 February 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-v6GNvGWIL5

PRINT HANDOUT

Huang, L 2012, March 5, The cost of retribution, lecture handout, Ethics 123, Central University, Townsville.

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  • LIVE CLASSES, LECTURES AND PRESENTATIONS: These are not recoverable so are not included in the reference list. Treat as personal communications: (e.g., ‘… in a lecture on chaos theory (M. Green, personal communication, May 1, 2009) …’.
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