Video or film (studio production)

In-text citations


Marty McFly walked towards the car when suddenly … (Zemeckis, Gale & Spielberg 1985).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between single quotation marks ' ' and provide the year and a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

'Wait a minute, Doc. Are you telling me that you built a time machine… out of a DeLorean?' (Zemeckis, Gale & Spielberg 1985, min. 10.06).

Reference list


Title Year, form, Distributor/Studio, Country, credits and other information.


Back to the future 1985, motion picture, Universal Pictures, United States, R Zemeckis (writer/director), R Gale (writer) & S Spielberg.


Man of steel 2013, Blu-ray, Warner Bros., United States, Z Snyder (director) & DS Goyer (writer).


Vertigo 2003, DVD, Universal Home Entertainment; Paramount, 1958, United States, A Hitchcock (producer/director).


Argo 2012, video file, B Affleck (director), C Terrio (writer) & G Clooney (producer), available from

  • Give title in italics. Add form of version accessed (no italics). If re-issued, add studio and year of original release.
  • Give place and name of studio or, if accessed online, give URL of site where accessed.
  • Use ‘Available from’ instead of ‘viewed’ if accessible only via subscription or paywall.
  • Give primary contributors (e.g., director, writer, producer, and/or starring actors) and their roles if the information is useful. Examples above show various roles to illustrate options.