Encyclopaedia entry

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

** Check with your teacher or lecturer before using Wikipedia as a reference source**

In-text citations


Reed (2003) states that …

Black holes are still being discovered … (Reed, 2003).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page or paragraph number (if online).

"Recent discoveries of black holes …" (Reed, 2003, p. 502).

Reference list


Individual author

Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Editor names (Eds.), Title of reference work (Edition information) (pp. xx–xx). Publisher. DOI/URL

Reed, D. L. (2003). Black holes. In E. Smith (Ed.), Science Encyclopedia (5th ed.), (pp. 501–508). Academic Resources.

McColl, G. (2014). Abba. In L. Stacy & L. Henderson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of music in the 20th century. Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315062051

Group author


Group Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Title of reference work. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from DOI/URL

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.) Self-report. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved July 12, 2019, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/self-report

  • Give the author of entry if one is named, otherwise use the entry title.
  • Give the title of the entry (no italics) and the title of the whole work/website (italics) preceded by ‘In’ (no italics).
  • Give the page and any edition and volume numbers after the title. Page numbers are not needed if entries are arranged in a single alphabetical sequence.
  • Give publication information or DOI or URL if online. Provide the URL of the source (use the permanent link).
  • Include a retrieval date if the content is not fixed (i.e., likely to be edited or updated). If this is the case use n.d. for the date of publication.