Video or film (studio production)

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations

Use the name of the director as the author.


Zemeckis (1985) directed …

Marty McFly walked towards the car when suddenly … (Zemeckis, 1985).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the year and a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"Wait a minute, Doc. Are you telling me that you built a time machine… out of a DeLorean?" (Zemeckis, 1985, 10:06).

Reference list


Director. (Role). (Year). Title [Film]. Studio.

Zemeckis, R. (Director). (1985). Back to the future [Film]. Universal Pictures.

  • Give the director and the roles.
  • Give the title in italics. Add film in square brackets (no italics). If needed, add more details to the word film after a semi-colon e.g. [Film; educational DVD].
  • Give the name of the studio.
  • However, you accessed the film, reference it as above. There is no need to include a URL even if you watched the film online.