Television series episode

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


The Gilmore girls were feeling anxious when … (Sherman-Palladino & Mancuso, 2002).

Sherman-Palladino & Mancuso (2002) wrote an episode of the Gilmore girls that dealt with anxiety issues…

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the year and a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"Loralai, how is your anxiety today?" (Sherman-Palladino & Mancuso, 2002, 09.25).

Reference list

TV series 


Executive producer’s name/s (Executive Producer). (Year range). Series Title [Form].  Production/Distribution Company.

Gilligan, V. (Executive Producer). (2008-2013). Breaking bad [TV series]. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment.

  • Use the executive producer as the author.
  • Give the year range the series was broadcast for the date. If the series is still airing, use ‘present’ for the second year.
  • Give series title (italics) and form in square brackets.
  • Give the production company name.

TV series episode or webisode 


Writer’s name (Role), & Director’s name (Role). (Year, Month Day). Title of episode (Season and Episode number) [TV series episode]. In Executive Producers’ Names (Executive Producers), Title of series. Production/Distribution Company. 

Sherman-Palladino, A. (Writer), & Mancuso, G. (Director). (2002, April 21). Application anxiety (Season 3, Episode 12) [TV series episode]. In A. Sherman-Palladino, D. Palladino, & G. Polone (Executive Producers), Gilmore girls. Warner Bros. Television.

  • Give names of episode’s director and writer and their roles, and the exact date the episode was the first broadcast.
  • Give the episode title (no italics) including the episode and series number in brackets.
  • Give the executive producers names and roles, then the series title in italics
  • Give the production company.

Online video


Writer’s name (Role), & Director’s name (Role). (Year, Month Day). Title of episode (Season and Episode number) [TV series episode]. In Executive Producers’ Names (Executive Producers), Title of series. Production/Distribution Company. URL.

Horowitz, A. (Writer), & Orme, S. (Director). (2013, March 24). The eternity ring (Series 7, Episode 1) [TV series episode]. In J. Green (Producer), Foyle’s war. ITV.

  • Follow the same format as for a TV episode but add the URL of the site where you accessed the item.