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Professor Erica Smith

Professor, Education

School of Education

Section/Portfolio:

Education (Ballarat)

Location:

Mt Helen Campus, Online

Biography

Professor Erica Smith is Professor of Education in the School of Education and leader of the Researching Adult and Vocational Education group. Dr Smith’s specialisation is vocational education and training (VET). Other areas of expertise include VET policy, training in workplaces, competency-based training, and the school-to-work transition.

Erica is Australia’s foremost apprenticeship researcher and is co-chair of the International Network on Innovative Apprenticeship. Erica is also an expert on VET teachers, their work and qualifications. She leads a VET teacher-education program and convenes the Australian Council of Deans of Education Vocational Education Group. She is an appointed member of the Australian Government’s Education Industry Reference Group.

Erica makes many invited contributions to Commonwealth and State government policy and practice in her areas of expertise and has advised governments in several other countries. She has managed over 30 national and international research projects and is an invited speaker at events around the world.

The expansion and contraction of the apprenticeship system in Australia, 1985-2020

This paper chronicles and analyses the expansion and contraction of the Australian apprenticeship...

Afterword: a fresh look at workplace learning for VET teachers

The expertise and professionalism of teachers is vital in vocational education and training...

Learning and development practitioners: identity, profession and future trajectory

Apprenticeships and 'future work': are we ready?

The paper evaluates the readiness of apprenticeship systems to cope with five major developments...

A small study of big issues in apprenticeship: Companies' apprenticeship management practices in Australia

  • Conference Proceedings

Competency-based Training Australian-style: How it Exposes VET to Risk

Drawing on twenty-five years of research and practice in competency-based training in Australia...

  • Conference Proceedings

Employer training in Australia: current practices and concerns

This paper presents and analyses results from a research project on current trends in employer...

Environmental sustainability practices: How adults learn.

  • Conference Proceedings

How do vocational teachers keep up to date with trends in pedagogy and in industry?

This chapter examines the important topic of the ‘dual professionalism’ of VET teachers in...

Intermediary organizations in apprenticeship systems. Geneva: International Labour Organization

  • Book

Making a difference or making a dollar? Intermediary organisations in apprenticeships

In apprenticeship systems, intermediary organisations typically assist with recruitment...

  • Conference Proceedings

Occupational preparation for manual work: Fitter/machinists and concrete operators.

  • Book Chapters

The Importance of VET Teacher Professionalism: An Australian Case Study

The effectiveness of vocational education and training (VET) systems depends upon their teachers....

Young people’s decision-making as they leave school in non-metropolitan areas in Australia: Insights from those working with young people

  • Conference Proceedings

Revisiting apprenticeships as a response to persistent and growing youth unemployment

Abstract: This chapter examines the potential of quality apprenticeship in meeting multiple...

  • Book Chapters

Teaching practices among college-based teachers of apprentices

  • Conference Proceedings

Towards a Model of Learning and Development Practice

It is widely acknowledged that learning and development (L&D) is key to well-being, innovation...

ILO Survey Report on the National Initiatives to Promote Quality Apprenticeships in G20 Countries

  • Book

Re-thinking skill through a new lens: evidence from three Australian service industries

The purpose of this paper is to provide another perspective on the problematic nature of the...

What makes a good VET teacher? Views of Australian VET teachers and students

The quality of teaching in the vocational education and training (VET) sector in Australia has...

Apprenticeship Management at National and Company Levels: Research Based 'Good Practices' Principles

HRD professionals are often involved closely with apprenticeship systems. Apprenticeships...

Apprenticeship: one concept, many facets

This special edition is based on papers delivered at a conference of the International...

Links between concepts of skill, concepts of occupation and the training system: A case study of Australia

Views of VET teachers, managers and students about VET teacher qualifications

This paper reports on some initial research into what students, teachers and managers in training...

  • Conference Proceedings

Australian VET teacher education: What is the benefit of pedagogical studies at university for VET teachers?

  • Journals

Enterprise RTOs in Australia: An overview from research data

  • Conference Proceedings

How closely do Australian Training Package qualifications reflect the skills in occupations? An empirical investigation of seven qualifications

This paper uses evidence from an Australian research project into under-recognized skills in...

VET teacher education in Australian universities: who are the students and what are their views about their courses?

In Australia, the question of the level and nature of qualifications for vocational education and...

When employers become training providers: What are some institutional issues?

  • Conference Proceedings

Work and learning in jobs that are traditionally considered unskilled or low-skilled.

  • Conference Proceedings

Credit transfer from VET to higher education: a pathways policy meets a roadblock

How can the expansion of the apprenticeship system in India create conditions for greater equity and social justice?

This paper reports on aspects of a recent project carried out for the International Labour...

  • Journals

Views of skill in low-wage jobs: Australian security guards and cleaners

  • Conference Proceedings

Voices from a small discipline: How the Australian Vocational Education and Training discipline made sense of journal rankings

The topic of quality rankings of academic journals generated a great deal of debate and opinion...

What do senior figures in Australian VET and industrial relations think about the concept of skill in work?

  • Conference Proceedings

Australian Employers' Adoption Of Traineeships

  • Book Chapters

Globalising the apprenticeship concept: How far can apprenticeship systems be compared across countries and what can be gained?

  • Conference Proceedings

Learning to Work in a Global Economy: How Countries use Apprenticeship Systems to Assist School-Leavers

  • Conference Proceedings

Occupational Identity in Australian Traineeships: An Initial Exploration

Part-time working by students: is it a policy issue, and for whom?

This paper uses data from interviews with representatives of national and state organisations...

Possible FUTURES for the Indian APPRENTICESHIP System Options paper for INDIA

  • Book

Pre-apprenticeships in Australia: differing orientations and their policy implications

Little has been published in the Australian vocational education and training (VET) literature on...

'Qualifications for work and further learning': The Australian approach to hybrid qualifications

  • Book Chapters

The emerging profile of Australian learning and development specialists

The role of learning and development specialists has changed radically in the past twenty years....

  • Conference Proceedings

Towards a model apprenticeship framework: A comparative analysis of national apprenticeship systems

  • Book

Who is conducting educational research in Australia and how can their work be supported?

Educational research has long been the subject of lively and agitated debate, not least because...

Buying-out teaching for research: the views of academics and their managers

This paper reports on the practice of buying-out teaching to create time for research. A study...

Getting in through the front door: The first hurdle of researching in companies

This paper examines what is arguably the most important issue in qualitative research - access to...

Good Practice in Apprenticeship Systems: Evidence From An International Study

  • Conference Proceedings

How vocational education and training researchers use theory in their research

This paper is a preliminary investigation of the place that theory plays in vocational education...

Living in a 2.2 World: ERA, Capacity Building and the Topography of Australian Educational Research

  • Book

Managing apprentices and managing PhD students: Current concerns and transferable tips

  • Conference Proceedings

'The national custodian': How interest groups and academic combine to restrict access of working people to qualifications

  • Conference Proceedings

The psychological contract in apprenticeships and traineeships: Comparing the perceptions of employees and employers

This paper compares the perceptions of Australian apprentices/trainees and employers of...

  • Journals

Australian employers' adoption of traineeships

Demand for apprenticeships and traineeships: What are the implicatons for the future?

  • Conference Proceedings

Does the availability of vocational qualifications through work assist social inclusion?

Employers management of part-time student labour

[No abstract available]

  • Book Chapters

Has Australia turned its back on international students?

  • Conference Proceedings

The Changing Nature of Youth Employment in Australia: How can this be understood

  • Book Chapters

The educative role of a regional newspaper: Learning to be drier

Throughout the world, people have to deal with the issues of global warming and other more direct...

  • Journals

The importance of the psychological contract for effective learning in apprenticeships

  • Conference Proceedings

The psychological contract in apprenticeships and traineeships: Differing perceptions

  • Conference Proceedings

Understanding the psychological contract in apprenticeships and traineeships to improve retention

  • Book

Vocational educators' qualifications: A pedagogical poor relation?

This paper uses data from a recent national project on workforce development for vocational...

Ways of Seeing: Reconceptualising Skills

  • Book

Apprenticeships

A review of twenty years of competency-based training in the Australian vocational education and training system

Employability Skills

Old dogs, new tricks: training mature-aged manufacturing workers

Purpose This paper aims to examine the employment and training of matureaged workers, so that...

Part-Time Work of High School Students: Impact on employability, employment outcomes and career development

  • Journals

Pedagogy not political pointscoring: How training providers teach international students

  • Conference Proceedings

VET in the compulsory years of schooling:A pathway into the future or a dead end?

  • Journals

Vocational Education

  • Book Chapters

Vocational education and training (VET) pathways for disadvantaged youth

No Abstract Available

We're Here to Help: Agencies Dealing with Apprenticeships in Australia

  • Book Chapters

What Industry wants: employers' preferences for training

High-quality traineeships: Identifying what works

  • Book

Learning to be drier in dryland country

This research project, part of a much larger study, considered how people in regional communities...

  • Journals

Making training core business: Enterprise registered training organisations in Australia

New models of working and learning: how young people are shaping their futures differently

This paper is about the way in which young people are increasingly adopting dual identities -...

Part-Time Work of High School Students and Impact on Educational Outcomes

Practitioner researchers in vocational education and training

  • Journals

School students and part-time work: Workplace problems and challenges

  • Journals

Social construction of skill viewed through the lens of training for the cleaning industry

  • Conference Proceedings

Teachers, Instructors and Trainers: An Australian Focus

  • Book Chapters

What are the pros and cons of gaining qualifications through work?

  • Conference Proceedings

Wicked learning: reflecting on Learning to be drier

  • Journals

1958-2008: how access to VET qualifications has changed in Australia

  • Journals

Learning to Control: Training and Work Organization in Australian Call Centres

The crowded market: Agencies dealing with apprenticeships in Australia

  • Conference Proceedings

The understandings about learners and learning that are imparted in Certificate IV level courses for VET teachers and trainers

  • Journals

What do senior figures in Australian VET think about traineeships?

  • Conference Proceedings

Academics' views on publishing refereed works: A content analysis

  • Journals

A serendipitous synchronisation of interests: Employers and student-working

  • Conference Proceedings

Australian employers' strategies to improve the quality of apprentices

  • Journals

Curriculum and assessment in vocational education and training

  • Book Chapters

Experiencing pre-apprenticeships: Participants; views of a program with dual purposes

  • Conference Proceedings

Group training organisations: Bellwethers or shepherds?

  • Conference Proceedings

Pre-apprenticeships in three key trades

  • Book

The development of key training policies in England and Australia: a comparison

  • Journals

The place of work in school students' lives

  • Book Chapters

The role of training in the development of human resource management in Australian organisations

  • Journals

Australian enterprises' use of apprenticeships and traineeships to meet specific labour shortages

  • Conference Proceedings

A woman's work is never certificated? How the implementation of nationally recognised training in workplaces helps women get qualifications

  • Journals

Contesting tertiary teaching qualifications: An Australian case study

  • Journals

How lower-level and vulnerable workers benefit from employers' engagement with the national qualificaiton system in Australia

  • Conference Proceedings

Leading the charge in cross-sectorial integration: Vocational teacher education and the embedding of units of competency

  • Conference Proceedings

Learning for success: distance education students' use of their learning materials

  • Journals

Making choices: Exploring influences on post-school career pathways

  • Conference Proceedings

Models of full-time and part-time vocational training for school-leavers: A comparison between Germany and Australia

  • Journals

Qualifying the workforce: the use of accredited training in Australian companies

  • Journals

Quality and qualms in the marking of university assignments by sessional staff: An exploratory study

  • Journals

The Certificate IV in Assessment and Workplace Training: Understanding learners and learning

  • Book

The delicate dance: the assessment implications of awarding students vocational qualifications within university degrees

  • Journals

The Experiences of apprentices and trainees in small Australian businesses: some qualitative research findings

  • Conference Proceedings

The land of Narnia or just the back of the wardrobe? What research tells us about the real world of work for young people

  • Conference Proceedings

Value adding to apprenticeships: How an Australian construction company invests in apprentices to produce future senior managers

  • Conference Proceedings

A rich tapestry: Changing views of teaching and teaching qualifications in the vocational education and training sector

  • Journals

Enterprises' commitment to nationally recognised training for existing workers

  • Book

Getting down and dirty down under: Battling over trainer qualifications in Australia

  • Conference Proceedings

How workplace experiences while at school affect career pathways

  • Book

Learning at a distance: How distance education students use their learning materials

  • Conference Proceedings

Public policies on training and their provenance: An international comparison

  • Conference Proceedings

The effects on young people's transition from school of formal contact with workplaces while at school

  • Conference Proceedings

To publish or not to publish: that is the question?

  • Journals

Why Australian companies are turning to qualification based training for their workers

  • Conference Proceedings

Academics attitudes towards the production of refereed publications: Some qualitative research outcomes

  • Conference Proceedings

Articulation and embedding: Using the Certificate IV in Assessment and Workplace Training to explore the relationships between the higher education and VET sectors

  • Conference Proceedings

Australian Post-compulsory School Students' Learning in Workplaces

  • Journals

Continuing professional education for practitioners in post-compulsory education

  • Conference Proceedings

Factors related to academic publishing productivity

  • Conference Proceedings

How enterprises engage with nationally recognised training

  • Conference Proceedings

Learning to Learn Through Work? The Important of Australian Apprenticeship and Traineeship Policies in Young Workers' Learning Careers

  • Journals

Political construction of skill: The effects of policy changes in entry-level training in Australia on participation rates and on the perception of 'Skill'

  • Conference Proceedings

School-based apprenticeships and traineeships in Australia

  • Journals

Teenage employability: Views of employers

  • Journals

The development of employability skills in novice workers through employment

  • Book Chapters

The effects of a decade of national training reform upon practitioners in vocational education and training

  • Conference Proceedings

The Inescapability of Significant Contextual Learning in Work Performance

  • Journals

The Role of Employers in the Development of Employabilty Skills in Novice Workers

  • Journals

The use of nationally-recognised training in call centres

  • Journals

Vocational Education and Training in Schools in Australia: what are the consequences of moving from margins to mainstream?

  • Journals

Young people's employability: whose responsibility?

  • Conference Proceedings

From training reform to training packages

  • Book

Gaining acceptance for accredited training within a university

  • Conference Proceedings

Learning to labour at the turn of the century: Paul Willis revisited

  • Conference Proceedings

The baby and the bathwater: Making a case for work experience

  • Journals

The development of employability skills in novice workers

  • Book

The first job: Experiences of young Australians starting full-time work

  • Journals

The scope for state intervention in young people's learning and training

  • Journals

A foot in both camps: School students and workplaces

  • Journals

Australian Quality Training Framework: Impact of provisions relating to teaching and teacher qualifications

  • Journals

Figures in a new landscape: The experiences of workers and learners in a new VET system

  • Conference Proceedings

Learning and training in school-based new apprenticeships

  • Book

Lifelong learning at work: How it begins

  • Conference Proceedings

The new child labour? The part-time school student workforce in Austraia

  • Journals

Theory and Practice: the contribution of off the job training to the development of apprentices and trainees

  • Journals

The relationship between organisational context and novice workers' learning

  • Journals

Training Packages: Debates around a new curriculum system

  • Journals