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Associate Professor Andrew Greenhill

Associate Professor, Microbiology and Fermentation Technology

School of Science, Psychology and Sport

Section/Portfolio:

School Leadership

Location:

Gippsland Campus, Online

Draft genome sequences of four citrobacter isolates recovered from wild australian shorebirds

Citrobacter is a ubiquitous bacterial genus whose members inhabit a variety of niches. Some...

Diarrhoeal disease surveillance in Papua New Guinea: findings and challenges

Diarrhoeal diseases are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the Western...

Gut microbiota composition in obese and non-obese adult relatives from the highlands of Papua New Guinea

Obesity is a condition that results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure....

Salmonella enterica Serovar Hvittingfoss in Bar-Tailed Godwits (Limosa lapponica) from Roebuck Bay, Northwestern Australia

Salmonella enterica serovar Hvittingfoss is an important foodborne serotype of Salmonella, being...

The composition and stability of the faecal microbiota of Merino sheep

Aims To determine the composition and temporal stability of the gut (faecal) microbiota of sheep...

The influences of low protein diet on the intestinal microbiota of mice

Recent research suggests that protein deficiency symptoms are influenced by the intestinal...

Will helminth co-infection modulate COVID-19 severity in endemic regions?

[No abstract available]

Avian influenza in the Greater Mekong Subregion, 2003-2018

The persistent circulation of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) is an ongoing problem for many...

Divergent Barmah Forest virus from Papua New Guinea

We report a case of Barmah Forest virus infection in a child from Central Province, Papua New...

Diversity of A(H5N1) clade 2.3.2.1c avian influenza viruses with evidence of reassortment in Cambodia, 2014-2016

In Cambodia, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) subtype viruses circulate endemically...

Health Challenges of the Pacific Region: Insights From History, Geography, Social Determinants, Genetics, and the Microbiome

The Pacific region, also referred to as Oceania, is a geographically widespread region populated...

Inventory of molecular markers affecting biological characteristics of avian influenza A viruses

Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) circulate globally, spilling over into domestic poultry and...

Safety and immunogenicity of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in a high-risk population: A randomized controlled trial of 10-valent and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Papua New Guinean infants

Background. There are little data on the immunogenicity of PCV10 and PCV13 in the same high-risk...

The evolution and genetic diversity of avian influenza A(H9N2) viruses in Cambodia, 2015 – 2016

Low pathogenic A(H9N2) subtype avian influenza viruses (AIVs) were originally detected in...

Wave 2 strains of atypical Vibrio cholerae El Tor caused the 2009-2011 cholera outbreak in Papua New Guinea

Vibrio cholerae is the causative agent of cholera, a globally important human disease for at...

Wild Australian birds and drug-resistant bacteria: characterisation of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp

Birds can spread microorganisms through their movement; however, it is still not fully understood...

Addressing food insecurity in papua new guinea through food safety and sago cropping

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is known to have a large resource base of sago with over 1 million ha, as...

Antimicrobial sensitivity trends and virulence genes in Shigella spp. from the Oceania region

Shigella is a common cause of diarrhoea in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and other Oceania countries....

Detection of low pathogenicity influenza a(H7n3) virus during duck mortality event, Cambodia, 2017

In January 2017, an estimated 3,700 (93%) of 4,000 Khaki Campbell ducks (Anas platyrhynchos...

Influenza A(H5N1) viruses with A(H9N2) single gene (matrix or PB1) reassortment isolated from Cambodian live bird markets

Live bird market surveillance for avian influenza viruses in Cambodia in 2015 has led to the...

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in Melanesian Children with Haematogenous Osteomyelitis from the Central Highlands of Papua New Guinea

Background: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been an important cause of...

A high burden of asymptomatic gastrointestinal infections in traditional communities in Papua New Guinea

Stool samples were collected from 148 healthy adults living a traditional subsistence lifestyle...

Childhood pneumonia and meningitis in the Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea in the era of conjugate vaccines: study methods and challenges

Background: Pneumonia and meningitis are common causes of severe childhood illness in Papua New...

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Papua New Guinea: A community nasal colonization prevalence study

Background: There are few epidemiological data available to inform a national response to...

Profiling of faecal water and urine metabolites among Papua New Guinea highlanders believed to be adapted to low protein intake

Introduction: Adequate amount of proteins from foods are normally needed to maintain muscle mass...

Rationale and methods of a randomized controlled trial of immunogenicity, safety and impact on carriage of pneumococcal conjugate and polysaccharide vaccines in infants in Papua New Guinea

Background Children in third-world settings including Papua New Guinea (PNG) experience early...

A case for the introduction of a rotavirus vaccine in Papua New Guinea

It is widely recognized that improving child health remains one of the great challenges facing...

  • Journals

Cholera in Oceania

For approximately 200 years, cholera has been feared globally as a disease that can cause...

Limited impact of neonatal or early infant schedules of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Papua New Guinean children: A randomized controlled trial

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of pneumonia, the most common cause of childhood...

Nitrogen fixation and nifH diversity in human gut microbiota

It has been hypothesized that nitrogen fixation occurs in the human gut. However, whether the gut...

Shigellosis: a truly neglected disease in Papua New Guinea

  • Journals

Association of protein intakes and variation of diet-scalp hair nitrogen isotopic discrimination factor in Papua New Guinea highlanders

Objectives:We present new nitrogen isotopic discrimination factor between diets and scalp hairs...

Characterization of the Gut Microbiota of Papua New Guineans Using Reverse Transcription Quantitative PCR

There has been considerable interest in composition of gut microbiota in recent years, leading to...

Development, Validation, and Use of a Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire for Assessing Protein Intake in Papua New Guinean Highlanders

ObjectivesThe aim of this article was to develop a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...

Impact of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with azithromycin-containing regimens on maternal nasopharyngeal carriage and antibiotic sensitivity of streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus: A cross-sectional

Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) plus azithromycin (AZ) (SPAZ) has the potential for intermittent...

Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae in paediatric meningitis patients at Goroka General Hospital, Papua New Guinea: serotype distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility in the pre-vaccine era

Background: Bacterial meningitis remains an important infection globally, with the greatest...

The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

Although recent research revealed an impact of westernization on diversity and composition of the...

The PneuCarriage Project: A Multi-Centre Comparative Study to Identify the Best Serotyping Methods for Examining Pneumococcal Carriage in Vaccine Evaluation Studies

Background The pneumococcus is a diverse pathogen whose primary niche is the nasopharynx. Over 90...

A large outbreak of shigellosis commencing in an internally displaced population, Papua New Guinea, 2013

Antibiotic resistant Shigella is a major cause of diarrhoea in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea

Introduction: Diarrhoea remains a major cause of illness in Papua New Guinea (PNG); however,...

Detection of enteric viral and bacterial pathogens associated with paediatric diarrhoea in Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the viral and bacterial causes of acute...

Spatio-temporal epidemiology of the cholera outbreak in Papua New Guinea, 2009-2011

Background: Cholera continues to be a devastating disease in many developing countries where...

Cholera in Papua New Guinea: observations to date and future considerations

Cholera is a severe diarrhoeal illness caused by infection with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae....

  • Journals

Editorial: Enteric diseases remain a major contributor to poor health outcomes in Papua New Guinea

  • Journals

Editorial: More resources need to be committed to the provision of safe water sources and sanitation in Papua New Guinea

  • Journals

Evaluation of a rapid immunochromatographic assay for the detection of rotavirus, norovirus and adenovirus from children hospitalized with acute watery diarrhoea

We evaluated the IP-Triple I immunochromatographic rapid test for the detection of rotavirus,...

  • Journals

Evaluation of a WASH intervention demonstrates the potential for improved hygiene practices in Hiri District, Central Province

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions aim to improve health outcomes through...

  • Journals

Evaluation of colorimetric detection methods for Shigella, Salmonella, and Vibrio cholerae by loop-mediated isothermal amplification

We evaluated loop-mediated isothermal amplification end-point detection methods for Salmonella,...

Isolation of Vibrio cholerae and other enteric microbiota from patients with suspected cholera during the 2009 outbreak in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

When cholera was first detected in Papua New Guinea (PNG) in mid-2009, national diagnostic...

  • Journals

Reply to 'Apropos "evaluation of serological diagnostic tests for typhoid fever in Papua New Guinea using a composite reference standard"'

Sago haemolytic disease: towards understanding a novel food-borne toxicosis

Sago haemolytic disease is a rare but sometimes fatal disease found primarily in the coastal...

  • Journals

Bloodstream infections caused by resistant bacteria in surgical patients admitted to Modilon Hospital, Madang

In view of the dearth of information relating to antibiotic resistance in community- and...

  • Journals

Causes of Morbidity and Mortality of Wild Aquatic Birds at Billabong Sanctuary, Townsville, North Queensland, Australia

Infectious diseases are common causes of significant morbidity and mortality events of wild...

Evaluation of Serological Diagnostic Tests for Typhoid Fever in Papua New Guinea Using a Composite Reference Standard

Typhoid fever remains a major global health problem. A major impediment to improving outcomes is...

Improved laboratory capacity is required to respond better future cholera outbreaks in Papua New Guinea

Predictors of Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Children from a Malaria-Endemic Area of Papua New Guinea

Predictors of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) were assessed in 554 children in Papua New Guinea...

Respiratory viral pathogens associated with lower respiratory tract disease among young children in the highlands of Papua New Guinea

Background: Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) commonly result in fatal outcomes in...

Clonal Origins of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor Strains, Papua New Guinea, 2009-2011

We used multilocus sequence typing and variable number tandem repeat analysis to determine the...

Groundwater Seeps Facilitate Exposure to Burkholderia pseudomallei

Burkholderia pseudomallei is a saprophytic bacterium which is the causative agent of melioidosis,...

Increasing Chloramphenicol Resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates from Papua New Guinean Children with Acute Bacterial Meningitis

In Papua New Guinean (PNG) children with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM), all Haemophilus...

Molecular Phylogeny of Burkholderia pseudomallei from a Remote Region of Papua New Guinea

Background: The island of New Guinea is located midway between the world's two major melioidosis...

Multilocus Sequence Typing of Streptococcus pneumoniae by Use of Mass Spectrometry

Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is an important tool for the global surveillance of bacterial...

Nitrogen fixation associated with sago (Metroxylon sagu) and some implications

Aims: To determine the presence and contribution of diazotrophic bacteria to nitrogen...

Susceptibility of primary human endothelial cells to C. perfringens beta-toxin suggesting similar pathogenesis in human and porcine necrotizing enteritis

Clostridium perfringens type C causes fatal necrotizing enteritis in different mammalian hosts,...

Antibiosis of Burkholderia ubonensis againist Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent for meliodiosis

Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an enigmatic infectious disease that...

  • Journals

Haemolytic fungi isolated from sago starch in Papua New Guinea

Sago haemolytic disease (SHD) is a rare but often fatal illness linked to consumption of stale...

Hazards and critical control points for traditional sago starch production in Papua New Guinea: implications for food safety education

Sago starch is an important food in lowland Papua New Guinea (PNG), however cases of severe...

Human immunodeficiency virus and respiratory disorders: clinical and diagnostic considerations

Respiratory infections are a major health burden for the people of Papua New Guinea (PNG) who are...

  • Journals

Improving the aetiological diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia and meningitis in Papua New Guinea

  • Journals

Is penicillium citrinum implicated in sago hemolytic disease?

Sago hemolytic disease (SHD) is an acute hemolytic syndrome affecting rural Papua New Guineans...

  • Journals

Pneumonia in Papua New Guinea: lessons learnt for the way forward.

No abstract available]

  • Journals

Spontaneous fermentation of traditional sago starch in Papua New Guinea

  • Journals

The role of biomedical research in the fight against pneumonia in Papua New Guinea.

[No abstract available]

  • Journals

Mycotoxins and toxigenic fungi in sago starch from Papua New Guinea

  • Journals

Traditional sago starch processing and strorage and their influence on food safety in Papua New Guinea

  • Conference Proceedings