News and announcements
Hi all and thanks to all those who participated in the Bush Medicine Project this last semester. In the space of a single semester our project has gone from an idea to a fully functional research project. Participation this semester from Australian Flora, Medicinal Chemistry and Clinical Microbiology has allowed for us to collect and map 36 plant samples from across Victoria, create and fingerprint 19 plant extracts and then screen 8 of those extracts against 10 microorganisms for antimicrobial activity.
This is an excellent achievement for all those involved. In the below chart green boxes indicate combinations of bacteria and extract where some antimicrobial activity was noted, grey boxes indicate the extracts were tested against the bacteria but no activity was noted and white boxes were combinations that were not tested.
You can see there are a number of gaps - but there are also a few green boxes! The green highlighted boxes indicate that a few extracts showed some activity against gram positive bacteria. So what were the plants?
- 20180006 and 20180013 are both Wedge-Leaf Hop Bush (Dodinaea cuneata) which traditionally was used for colds, sore throats and fevers. (van Welzen, 2001)
- 2018011 was Hop Goodenia (Goodenia ovata) which was traditionally used as a sedative. (Vandebroek, 2001)
- 20180022 was Rock Correa (Correa cf glabra) which is in the same family as the citrus fruits (Rutaceae Family).
- 20180025 was Red Iron Bark (Eucalyptus cf sideroxylon). Which isn’t really surprising that it displays any antimicrobial activity as it is a eucalypt and eucalyptus oil is used in a modern context for that purpose. Although, it will be interesting to see if the aqueous extracts are less toxic to mammalian cells than the oil!
So… Where to from here? Over the summer, we have some students interested in confirming and quantifying the results of the “Hits” that we have found together this semester. To get a better idea of the antimicrobial properties of the above plants. Next semester, we will involve the pharmacology and toxicology students and test all the above extracts with mammalian cells to test for toxicity. Finally in semester 2 next year we will look towards filling the gaps in the chart above and expand our reach to some untested species. 2019 will be an exciting time for the project.
For a number of you this will be your last semester at Federation University, if you want to keep up to date with the project you can do so by visiting our new web page on the university website (https://federation.edu.au/bush-medicine-project). It’s currently a placeholder but in the next few weeks will be updated with a news section and a few extra features for viewing our data. You can keep up to date through there.
Thanks again all!
Stay tunes for future updates,