Standards, Australian

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


When paraphrasing, include the organisation name (in this instance, Standards Australia) and year of publication in brackets.

Residential timber framed construction techniques are … (Standards Australia, 2010).

Standards Australia (2010) claim that …

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s).

New residential timber frames "have been simplified for non-cyclonic areas of Australia due to …" (Standards Australia, 2010, p. 6).

Reference list

Provide both the title and Standard number in italics, and shorten the URL to the homepage.


Author. (Year). Standard title (Standard number). City, State/Country: Publisher. Or URL

Standards Australia. (2010). Residential timber framed construction – simplified - non-cyclonic areas: formal specifications (AS 1684.4:2010). Sydney: Standards Australia.

Standards Australia. (2013). Scaffold decking components (AS/NZS 1577:2013). Retrieved from