Online edition

In-text citations


According to Rosen (2014) the elderly find it difficult to get a seat at Starbucks because ...

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between single quotation marks ' ' and provide the page number(s) from the newspaper.

'Invariably there are no seats because they are occupied by young people with their laptops and cellphones using the cafe as their private office' (Rosen 2014).

Reference list


Author Year, ‘Article title’, Newspaper/Magazine Name, #, Date, pp. DOI or URL

Rosen, L 2014, ‘Occupy Starbucks’, letter to the editor, The New York Times, 22 January, viewed 14 May 2015,

  • Start with title if no author shown.
  • Year/date: Give year after the author. The date, as shown on source (i.e., month and/or day), appears after the name of the newspaper/magazine.
  • Title: Give title of article in single quote marks (no italics). Capitalise first letter of first word and any proper nouns. Add description for reviews, letters, etc., or give alone if no title.
  • Newspaper/magazine name (in italics). Capitalise first letter of all major words. If separate section, add name of section (no italics) after title (see: Separate section).
  • Page numbers. Use ‘p.’ or ‘pp.’ in front. If non-consecutive, separate by commas (see: Basic article).
  • ONLINE: If article is digital replica of print edition, give publication date of print edition and include page numbers (see: Online replica of print edition). If article is posted on media outlet’s website, give date of post (see: Online edition).