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How to present a bibliography

How to set up the bibliography

  • Begin the list with the heading ‘Bibliography’ on a new page at the end of your work.
  • Use double line-spacing and a hanging indent (approx. 0.75 cm or 4-5 spaces).
  • If a DOI or URL needs to be broken across a line, break before a single slash or punctuation mark.

What to include

Unless advised otherwise by your teacher or lecturer:

  • Include an entry for every source you have cited in a note.
  • Do not include entries for sources you have not cited, however relevant.

How to arrange the entries

  • Alphabetise entries by author’s last name (which begins the entry).
  • Use a long dash (or three hyphens) to stand for a repeated author name.
  • List entries with no author by title. (Ignore ‘A’ or ‘An’ or ‘The’ as first words.)
  • If you have more than one entry with the same author, list alphabetically by title.

Example of a Chicago/Turabian bibliography