Web document (pdf)

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


According to the City of Ballarat (2011) there has been a housing boom over the past ...

There has been a housing boom in the Ballarat area … (City of Ballarat, 2011).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) of the direct quote if taken from a PDF document. If the document does not contain page numbers, then use the name of the section and the paragraph number, abbreviated as para.

"There has been an upsurge in the housing industry in the Ballarat area over the past three years due to more the appeal of country living" (City of Ballarat, 2011, p. 5).

Reference list


Author. (Year). Title [Document type if required]. DOI or URL

City of Ballarat. (2011). Annual report. Retrieved from http://www.ballarat.vic.gov.au/media/499612/annual%20report_complete.pdf

Parks Victoria. (2004). Fire ecology in the Grampians [Brochure]. Retrieved from http://www.brambuk.com.au/assets/pdf/GrampiansNationalParkFireEcology.pdf

  • If citing information taken directly from a web page document, include the authors (which may be different from the site hosting it). If no authors are stated then use the company or organisation name.
  • If no year is stated then use n.d. for no date.
  • Do not italicise the title of the web page document, and add a retrieval statement in the form of a URL.
  • A retrieval date is not needed because the content is fixed.