Important: This is a guide only. To avoid losing marks:

Confirm the referencing requirements of your school with your lecturer, and use the American Psychology Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association to clarify referencing rules or if you need more examples. This guide is based on this publication.

APA is an in text citation style. This means you insert a brief reference (‘citation’) into your writing whenever you use a source. The in text citation should appear within the body of the document and includes details such as author(s) family name, year of publication (in round brackets), and page number(s) (if applicable).

For each source identified in the text, you also need to create a corresponding entry in the reference list. The reference list is an alphabetical presentation of all the sources used in a piece of writing.

Each entry in the reference list should contain enough identifying detail to allow your reader to locate the source if they wished.

Additional resources

Referencing information

Study skills website

Monash University - APA Citing and referencing subject guide

APA Style Blog