Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.
When paraphrasing, include the author(s) family name and year of publication in brackets. Or, if referring to the author(s) family name in the body of the text, then just include the year of publication in brackets immediately after the family name(s).
Reid (1998) found that dysfunctional drivers ...
Dysfunctional drivers cause … (Reid, 1998).
Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s).
"Dysfunctional drivers have caused chaos on most major freeways … (Reid, 1998, p. 56).
Author. (Year). Title of thesis (Description). Institution, Location.
Reid, J. M. (1998). A cognitive study of dysfunctional driving behaviours (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Melbourne, Australia.
Online from a repository
Author. (Year). Title of thesis (Description). Institution, Location. DOI/URL
Ryan, D. A. (2013). Crowd monitoring using computer vision (Doctoral thesis). Queensland University of Technology, Australia. Retrieved from http://eprints.qut.edu.au/65652/1/
Online from a library database
Author. (Year). Title of thesis (Description). Available from Database. (Accession/Order Number).
Sutherland, A. M. (2016). Technology for single cell protein analysis in immunology and cancer prognostics. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global database. (Order No. 3738948)
- Give thesis title (italics) followed by description (in round brackets, no italics) and name and location of the institution.
- If retrieved from a university repository, give the URL of item.
- If retrieved from a commercial database, give database name and accession number.