Interview transcript

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

Personal interviews are those you conduct yourself to obtain more information to support a point you are making, such as emailing a professor. In this case, treat it as personal communications. 

Research participant interviews are if you interviewed people as part of your own research methodology. These do not need to be cited or referenced.

In-text citations

Use the name of the person being interviewed in the citation.


During an interview with Neil Armstrong … (Armstrong, 2001).

Neil Armstrong fondly remembers … (Armstrong, 2001).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s).

"When we finally landed on the moon …" (Armstrong, 2001, p. 5).

Reference list


Interviewee. (Year, Date). Title (Interviewer Name, Interviewer) [Format]. Publisher. OR DOI/URL

Armstrong, N. A. (2001, September 19). An interview with Neil Armstrong (S. E. Ambrose, Interviewer) [Transcript]. Retrieved from

  • Stand-alone interviews can be used as references if recoverable by your reader (e.g., transcripts or recordings). Treat interviews that are not recoverable as personal communications.
  • Name the interviewee at the beginning of the entry and the interviewer in round brackets after the title. If no title, give a description in square brackets. Give form in square brackets where needed.
  • Format the rest of the entry according to the category of material accessed (e.g., video/audio file).