Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.
** Check with your teacher or lecturer before including this material in the reference list**
- LIVE CLASSES, LECTURES, AND PRESENTATIONS: These are not recoverable so are not included in the reference list. Treat as personal communications: (e.g., ‘… in a lecture on chaos theory (M. Green, personal communication, May 1, 2009) …’.
- ONLINE LECTURES AND PRESENTATIONS: These are recoverable so they can be included in the reference list if permitted by your teacher or lecturer. Treat according to publication type (e.g., video post, podcast, stand-alone document, etc.).
- PRINT CLASS MATERIAL, HANDOUTS: These are not recoverable if they are available only to participating students. If permitted for use as a source, use the following format.
Retribution can be very costly because … (Huang, 2012).
Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " .
Stamate (2016) claims that "drought-tolerant plants have evolved …"
Author. (Year/Date). Title[Format]. Other identifying detail or Retrieved from URL or DOI
Hull, B. & Drennon, D. 2011, Feb. 17, Stomata density [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/BreanaHull/stomata-density-denzelbreana-6963546
Stamate, G. (2016, March 30). Amazing landscape designs with drought-tolerant plants [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/fl1D5Gg76dA
Huang, L. (2012, March 5). The cost of retribution [Lecture handout]. Ethics 123, Central University, Townsville, Australia.
- The title for these sources is not in italics.