In-text citations


Telemedicine benefits from Robnaut technology due to … (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2014).

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2014) states that …

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the year and a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"The benefits of Robonaut technology on telemedicine have …" (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2014, 01:33).

Reference list


Poster. [Screen Name]. (Year, Month Day). Title [Form]. Retrieved from URL

MarinaHD2001. (2009, February 10). Bizkit the sleep walking dog [Video file]. Retrieved from

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (2014, January 17). Robonaut supports telemedicine advances [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtube/9gbfL590Fgg

  • Give name of poster (real name plus screen name, or just screen name if real name is unknown).
  • Give date of posting. Give title (italics) followed by form (no italics) in square brackets.
  • Give URL of individual post (archived URL if available—click date stamp to access).
  • Retrieval date is not needed if post has a specific associated date.