Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


When paraphrasing, include the author(s) family name and year of publication in brackets. Or, if referring to the author(s) family name in the body of the text, then just include the year of publication in brackets immediately after the family name(s).

Craig (1968) reports that Mrs Holt’s sorrow has been shared by …

A recent letter to the editor comments on Starbucks … (Rosen, 2014).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) from the newspaper. If no page numbers are provided, such as from an online source, then include the paragraph number (you will need to count these yourself). A paragraph number will be abbreviated para. (eg para. 3).

"Starbucks latest advertising campaign has …" (Rosen, 2014, p. 7).

Reference list

Online replica of a print edition


Author. (Year/Date). Article title [Type of article if required]. Newspaper/Magazine Name, p. #. DOI or URL

Craig, B. (1968, January 10). Australia and the world shares Mrs Holt’s sorrow. The Australian Women’s Weekly, p. 2–3. Retrieved from

Online edition


Author. (Year/Date). Article title [Type of article if required]. Newspaper/Magazine Name. DOI or URL

Rosen, L. (2014, January 22). Occupy Starbucks [Letter to the editor]. The New York Times. Retrieved from

  • If the article is a digitised replica of a print edition, give the publication date of the print edition and include the page numbers. If the article is posted on a media outlet’s website, give the date of the post.
  • Do NOT italicise the title of the article, only the title of the newspaper.
  • Include the day, month and year, as well as database homepage URL. If there is a DOI, use this instead of the URL.