In-text citations


When paraphrasing, include the author(s) family name and year of publication in brackets. Or, if referring to the author(s) family name in the body of the text, then just include the year of publication in brackets immediately after the family name(s).

Craig (1968) reports that Mrs Holt’s sorrow has been shared by …

A recent letter to the editor comments on Starbucks … (Rosen, 2014).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) from the newspaper. If no page numbers are provided, then include the paragraph number.

"Starbucks latest advertising campaign has …" (Rosen, 2014, p. 7).

Reference list


Author. (Year/Date). Article title. Newspaper/Magazine Name, p. #. DOI or URL

Online replica of print edition

Craig, B. (1968, January 10). Australia and the world shares Mrs Holt’s sorrow. The Australian Women’s Weekly, 2–3. Retrieved from

Online edition

Rosen, L. (2014, January 22). Occupy Starbucks [Letter to the editor]. The New York Times. Retrieved from

  • Author: Give name of author. (Start with title if no author shown.)
  • Year/date: Give date as shown on source (i.e., year and month, or year, month and day).
  • Title: Give title of article (no italics). Capitalise first letter of first word and any proper nouns. Add description for reviews, letters, etc., in square brackets (no italics), or give alone if no title.
  • Newspaper/magazine name (italics). Capitalise first letter of all major words. If separate section, add name (no italics) after title (Newspapers, Separate section).
  • Page numbers. If non-consecutive, separate by commas (Newspapers, Basic article).
  • ONLINE: If article is digital replica of print edition, give publication date of print edition and include page numbers (Newspapers, Online replica of print edition). If article is posted on media outlet’s website, give date of post.