From a library database

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


When paraphrasing, include the author(s) family name and year of publication in brackets. Or, if referring to the author(s) family name in the body of the text, then just include the year of publication in brackets immediately after the family name(s).

The results of the study indicate . . . (Evans, 2015).

Evans (2015) states that . . .

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number from the newspaper. If no page numbers are provided, such as from an online source, then include the paragraph number (you will need to count these yourself). A paragraph number will be abbreviated para. (eg para. 3).

Evans (2015) notes that "aspirin's miracle properties revolve around its ability to stop blood platelets clumping together, reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes" (p. 11).

Reference list


Author. (Year/Date). Article title [Type of article if required]. Newspaper/Magazine Name, p. #. DOI or URL

Evans, K. (2015, January 05). Aspirin study raises hopes for dementia prevention. The Age, p. 4. Available from

  • Do not italicise the title of the article, only the title of the newspaper.
  • Include the day, month and year, as well as database homepage URL. If there is a DOI, use this instead of the URL.