Three, four or five authors

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citation


  • Name all authors the first time you refer to the source.
  • Separate each author by a comma. Join the last author by ‘&’ or ‘and’ in the sentence.

. . . outlining the thought processes (Demacheva, Ladouceur, Steinberg, Pogossova, & Raz, 2012).

  • For subsequent citations, use the first family name listed followed by et al.
  • Later, name the first author followed by ‘et al.’ (a Latin abbreviation meaning ‘and others’).

Demacheva et al. (2012) outlined the through processes relevant to ...

  • If cited again within the same paragraph in a sentence – omit the year of publication.

Demacheva et al. also found that . . .

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) from the journal.

"Our findings suggest that decoupling the when and the where attention modules may play an important role in creating magic effects" (Demacheva, Ladouceur, Steinberg, Pogossova, & Raz, 2012, p. 547).

Reference list


Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, vol(issue), xx–xx. DOI

Demacheva, I., Ladouceur, M., Steinberg, E., Pogossova, G., & Raz, A. (2012). The applied cognitive psychology of attention: A step closer to understanding magic tricks. Applied Cognitive Psychology26(4), 541-549. doi:10.1002/acp.2825

  • Use all the authors in the reference.
  • Give volume number (italics) and issue number (round brackets, no italics). No space between.
  • Give page range of article if page numbers are shown (no ‘p.’ or ‘pp.’).
  • When including journal articles in the reference list, you must italicise the title of the journal and volume number and include the digital object identifier (DOI) at the end of the reference (if stated).
  • DOI format: The new recommended format looks like this:
    • However, all of the following formats are currently considered correct APA Style:
      • doi:10.1037/arc0000014