In-text citations

  • When citing figures in the text of your work, you need to acknowledge them in two places:
    • within the written body of your paper, and
    • below the figure.
  • Within the written body of your paper, cite the figure as you would for a normal in-text reference.
  • Refer to the figure by its assigned number. Do NOT refer to the figure as “the Figure above/below”, or “the Figure on page 17”.

As shown in Figure 2 . . . (National Cancer Institute, 2016).

Figure 2 illustrates . . . (National Cancer Institute, 2016).

The diagram shows . . . (National Cancer Institute, 2016, Figure 2).

Figure layout

A figure from a web page will include a double-spaced caption with the following elements directly below the figure:

  • label of figure in italics (e.g. Figure 2.)
  • title of image (or brief description)
  • title of webpage preceded with the words Adapted/Reprinted from
  • author(s) initials followed by family name, or institute/organisation, preceded with the word by
  • year of webpage
  • retrieval statement in the form of a URL

Figure 2. Anatomy of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. Reprinted from Parathyroid cancer treatment (PDQ®)–patient version, by National Cancer Institute, 2016, Retrieved from https://www.cancer.gov/types/parathyroid/patient/parathyroid-treatment-pdq

Reference list

TEMPLATE

Author. (Year). Title [Form]. Retrieved from URL

  • The figure must appear in the reference list, and the citation is formatted in correct APA style of the original source.
  • Also include the form type in square brackets e.g. [Website image].

Fidelity. (2016) The world’s largest economies are all in expansion, though at various phases of the business cycle. [Website image]. Retrieved from https://www.fidelity.com/viewpoints/market-and-economic-insights/business-cycle-update-December-2016