Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.
If there is no artist recorded for the figure, use the title in the position the author would normally be in. Please note, in APA the word “figure” is used to refer to all images, graphs, charts and visual material that you reproduce in your work. If you are discussing an image but not reproducing it, please see the above section “Images not reproduced in your work”.
- When citing figures in the text of your work, you need to acknowledge them in two places:
- within the written body of your paper, and
- below the figure.
Within the written body
- Within the written body of your paper, cite the figure as you would for a normal in-text reference.
- Refer to the figure by its assigned number. Do not refer to the figure as “the Figure above/below”, or “the Figure on page 17”.
As shown in Figure 2 . . . (National Cancer Institute, 2016).
Figure 2 illustrates . . . (National Cancer Institute, 2016).
The diagram shows . . . (National Cancer Institute, 2016, Figure 2).
Below the figure
Figure x. Title or description of image. Adapted/Reprinted from Webpage title, by Author, Year, Retrieved from URL
Figure 2. Anatomy of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. Reprinted from Parathyroid cancer treatment (PDQ®)–patient version, by National Cancer Institute, 2016, Retrieved from https://www.cancer.gov/types/parathyroid/patient/parathyroid-treatment-pdq
Author. (Year). Title [Form]. Retrieved from URL
Fidelity. (2016). The world’s largest economies are all in expansion, though at various phases of the business cycle. [Website image]. Retrieved from https://www.fidelity.com/viewpoints/market-and-economic-insights/business-cycle-update-December-2016
- The image title is NOT italicised.
- Also, include the form type in square brackets e.g. [Website image].