In-text citations


The city of Casey as shown on … (Victorian Electoral Commission, 2012).

The Victorian Electoral Commission (2012) published a very useful map of …

Reference list


Author. (Year/Date). Title [Form]. DOI/URL


Victorian Electoral Commission. (2012). City of Casey: Local council boundaries [Map]. Retrieved from


Timms, P. E. (2006). Colonial settlement in Tasmania. Hobart, Australia: Tiger Press.

  • ONLINE: Give author/poster and the title of the item (no italics). Give year of publication (or date of post). Add form (e.g., ‘Map’, ‘Photograph’) in square brackets. If no title or caption, give a short description in same square brackets as form.
  • PRINT: Give an in-text citation and reference entry for the print source containing the item, not the item itself. Title should be in italics. Add the identifying number to in-text citation: ‘… (Timms, 2006, Figure 2)’.
  • If using the abbreviated name of a government body in your text, e.g., the VEC for the Victorian Electoral Commission, follow the same reference list guidelines as for a group author (see the in-text citation section).