Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.
If there is no artist recorded for the figure, use the title in the position the author would normally be in. Please note, in APA the word “figure” is used to refer to all images, graphs, charts and visual material that you reproduce in your work. If you are discussing an image but not reproducing it, please see the above section “Images not reproduced in your work”.
When citing figures in the text of your work, you need to acknowledge them in two places:
- within the written body of your paper, as you would for a normal in-text reference, and
- below the figure.
Within the written body
- Within the written body of your paper, cite the figure as you would for a normal in-text reference.
- Refer to the figure by its assigned number. Do not refer to the figure as “the Figure above/below”, or “the Figure on page 17”.
As shown in Figure 3 . . . (The eye, n.d.).
Figure 3 illustrates . . . (The eye, n.d.).
The diagram shows . . . (The eye, n.d., Figure 3).
Below the figure
Figure x. Title or description of image. Adapted/Reprinted from Database, by Author, Year, Retrieved from URL
Figure 3. The eye. Reprinted from Human anatomy and physiology – special senses, by Anatomy TV, (n.d.), Retrieved from https://www.anatomy.tv/
Author. (Year). Title [Form]. Retrieved from URL
The eye [Database image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.anatomy.tv/gotoview.aspx?cus=&htmlhapURL=product/specialsenses/type/Topics/displayType/displayFlash/id/6/layer/3/angle/0/structureID/-1
- Include the form type in square brackets e.g. [Database image].