- When citing figures in the text of your work, you need to acknowledge them in two places:
- within the written body of your paper, and
- below the figure.
- Within the written body of your paper, cite the figure as you would for a normal in-text reference.
- Refer to the figure by its assigned number. Do NOT refer to the figure as “the Figure above/below”, or “the Figure on page 17”.
As shown in Figure 3 . . . (The eye, n.d.).
Figure 3 illustrates . . . (The eye, n.d.).
The diagram shows . . . (The eye, n.d., Figure 3).
A figure from a library database will include a double-spaced caption with the following elements directly below the figure:
- label of figure in italics (e.g. Figure 3.)
- title of image (and/or brief description)
- title of library database preceded with the words Adapted/Reprinted from
- author(s) initials followed by family name, or institute/organisation, preceded with the word by
- retrieval statement in the form of the library database homepage URL
Figure 3. The eye. Reprinted from Human anatomy and physiology – special senses, by Anatomy TV, (n.d.), Retrieved from http://www.anatomy.tv/gotoview.aspx?cus=&htmlhapURL=product/specialsenses/type/Topics/displayType/displayFlash/id/6/layer/3/angle/0/structureID/-1Anatomy TV
Author. (Year). Title [Form]. Retrieved from URL
(n.d.). The eye. [Database image]. Retrieved from http://www.anatomy.tv/gotoview.aspx?cus=&htmlhapURL=product/specialsenses/type/Topics/displayType/displayFlash/id/6/layer/3/angle/0/structureID/-1
The figure must appear in the reference list, and the citation is formatted in correct APA style of the original source.
- Also include the form type in square brackets e.g. [Database image].