Creative commons

In-text citations

  • When citing figures in the text of your work, you need to acknowledge them in two places:
    • within the written body of your paper, and
    • below the figure.
  • Within the written body of your paper, cite the figure as you would for a normal in-text reference.
  • Refer to the figure by its assigned number. Do NOT refer to the figure as “the Figure above/below”, or “the Figure on page 17”.

As shown in Figure 4 . . . (West, 2012).

Figure 4 illustrates . . . (West, 2012).

The diagram shows . . . (West, 2012, Figure 4).

Figure layout

  • A figure from a creative commons source will include a double-spaced caption with the following elements directly below the figure:
  • label of figure in italics (e.g. Figure 4.)
  • title of image (or brief description)
  • title of the creative commons source preceded with the words Adapted/Reprinted from
  • author(s) initials followed by family name, or institute/organisation, preceded with the word by
  • year of image
  • retrieval statement in the form of a URL

Figure 4. Classroom tour 3. Reprinted from Flicker, by Kathy Cassidy, 2006, Retrieved from

Reference list


Author. (Year). Title [Form]. Retrieved from URL

  • The figure must appear in the reference list, and the citation is formatted in correct APA style of the original source.
  • Also include the form type in square brackets e.g. [Website image].

Cassidy, K. (2006). Classroom tour 3. [Website image]. Retrieved from