Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.
When paraphrasing, use the ampersand symbol & between author family names only when they appear in brackets. Otherwise, just use and to separate author names in the body of the text.
. . . and is vital in order to encode memories (Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo, 2016).
Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo (2016) have identified that . . .
Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) from the book.
"The central executive functions as an attention-controlling mechanism within working memory have been found to ..." (Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo, 2016, p. 281).
Author. (Year). Title: Subtitle (# ed., Vol. #). City, State/Country: Publisher.
Pastorino, E., & Doyle-Portillo, S. (2016). What is psychology?: Foundations, applications and integration. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
- List both authors, and separate the names with an ampersand symbol &.