Television series episode

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations

Use the names of the primary contributors as the authors.


The Gilmore girls were feeling anxious when … (Sherman-Palladino & Mancuso, 2002).

Sherman-Palladino & Mancuso (2002) wrote an episode of the Gilmore girls that dealt with anxiety issues…

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the year and a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"Loralai, how is your anxiety today?" (Sherman-Palladino & Mancuso, 2002, 09.25).

Reference list


Primary Contributor. (Role). (Year). Title of episode [Form]. In Principal Contributor (Role), Title of series. City, State/Country: Production/Distribution Company. OR DOI/URL, Date of the broadcast.

Television episode broadcast

Sherman-Palladino, A. (Writer), & Mancuso, G. (Director). (2002). Application anxiety [Television series episode]. In A. Sherman-Palladino, D. Palladino, & G. Polone (Producers), Gilmore girls. Melbourne, Australia: Nine Network, 12 June 2012.

  • Give name/s of episode’s principal contributors (e.g., director and/or writer) and their roles, and episode title (no italics).
  • Give the city, station, and broadcast date.

Online video

Horowitz, A. (Writer), & Orme, S. (Director). (2014). The eternity ring [Television series episode; Video file]. In J. Green (Producer), Foyle’s war. Retrieved from

  • Give the URL of the site where you accessed the item.

DVD (whole series)

Gilligan, V. (Producer). (2008-2013). Breaking bad [Television series; DVD]. Los Angeles, CA: Sony Pictures Home Entertainment.

  • Give studio and year of production (or year range for whole series).
  • Give series title (italics) and form in square brackets preceded by the principal contributors and roles.