Audiobook (CD, audio file)

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


Trekking on the Kokoda track can be … (FitzSimons, 2011).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the year and a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"The history of the Kokoda track can be traced back to …" (FitzSimons, 2011, 4:50).

Reference list


Author. (Year). Title (Reader) [Format]. City, State/Country: Label. OR DOI/URL


FitzSimons, P. (2011). Kokoda (L. FitzGerald, Reader) [CD]. Sydney, Australia: ABC Audio.


Dickens, C. (2013). Oliver Twist (P. Batchelor, Reader) [Audio file]. Available from

  • Treat author, year and title as for basic book.
  • Add the reader’s name in round brackets with given name initial first, then family name. Add recording format in square brackets.
  • If physical media (e.g., CD), give place and name of the record label.
  • If accessed online, give retrieval details; use ‘Available from’ if purchase is required.