In-text citations

Paraphrasing

Drought tolerant plants are particularly suitable for the Australian landscape …

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " ".

"Australian gardeners should consider drought tolerant plants when landscaping ..." (Lucas).

Works Cited

TEMPLATE

Author. “Title.” Description. Date. Website Name (if online). Publisher, Year/Date, URL.

Online document/file

Barrett, Keith. “Cell Structure.”  Barrett College. Barrett Education, 19 June 2010. Microsoft PowerPoint slides.

Online lecture

Levine, Caroline. “Hierarchy.” Blackboard, uploaded by Mary Smith, 10 Oct. 2017, blackboard.stonybrook.edu/.

Print handout

Huang, Lee “The Cost of Retribution.” Ethics 123, Central University, Townsville. 5 March 2012. Lecture material.

** Check with your teacher or lecturer before including lecture/class material in the Works Cited list.

  • LIVE CLASSES, LECTURES AND PRESENTATIONS: These are not recoverable so are not included in the reference list. Treat as personal communications; e.g., ‘… in a lecture on chaos theory (M. Green, personal communication, May 1, 2009) …’
  • ONLINE LECTURES AND PRESENTATIONS: These are recoverable so they can be included in the reference list if permitted by your teacher or lecturer. Treat according to publication type (e.g., video post, podcast, stand-alone document, etc.).
  • PRINT CLASS MATERIAL, HANDOUTS: If permitted for use as a source, treat as above.