In-text citations


Kayne West explains that Nelson Mandela serves as a guiding light …

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the paragraph number.

"Mandela's life work has influenced …" (West par. 2).

Works Cited


Author. (screen name). “Title.” Form. Day Month Year of post, URL.

West, Kanye (kanyewest). “Thank you, Mandela, for your life's work and may it serve as a guiding light to illuminate our future.” Twitter, 9 Dec. 2013, 8.22 a.m,

  • This category covers posts and comments that are recoverable (i.e., open access). Posts that are protected by privacy settings should be treated as personal communications; see Other sources, Personal communication).
  • Give real name. Add screen name (if one) in parentheses, or give alone if real name unknown.
  • Give post/comment/tweet as the title (in quotation marks).
  • Add form (e.g., ‘Twitter’, ‘Facebook post’, ‘Photograph’, etc.) title. (Use ‘Twitter page’ or ‘Facebook page’ if using someone’s entire feed/timeline as a source.)
  • Give date of post/comment/tweet. Retrieval date is not necessary for items with a specific associated date (e.g., individual tweets, posts, etc.), but is necessary for whole feeds/pages.