In-text citations


Reid (1998, p. 56) found that dysfunctional drivers ...

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between single quotation marks ' ' and provide the page number(s).

'Dysfunctional rivers have caused chaos on most major freeways …' (Reid 1998, p. 56).

Reference list


Author year, Title of thesis, description, Institution, Location. OR DOI/URL 


Reid, JM 1998, ‘A cognitive study of dysfunctional driving behaviours’, PhD thesis, University of Melbourne, Australia.


Ryan, DA 2013, ‘Crowd monitoring using computer vision’, PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology, Australia, viewed 31 January 2014,