In-text citations

Paraphrasing

Black holes are still being discovered … (Reed 2003, p. 502).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between single quotation marks ' ' and provide the page number(s).

'Recent discoveries of black holes …' (Reed 2003, p. 502).

Reference list

TEMPLATE

Author Year, ‘Title of entry’, Editor (ed.), Title of reference work, Publisher, City. OR DOI/URL

PRINT

Reed, DL 2003, ‘Black holes’, Science Encyclopedia, 5th edn, Academic Resources, New York.

E-BOOK

McColl, G 2014, ‘Abba’, L Stacy & L Henderson (eds), Encyclopedia of music in the 20th century, Kindle version, available from http://www.amazon.com/

ONLINE

‘Watergate scandal’, 2009, Encyclopaedia Britannica online, viewed 7 March 2015, http://www.britannica.com/

** Check with your teacher or lecturer before using Wikipedia as a reference source.

  • Give any edition and volume numbers after title. Page numbers are not needed if entries are arranged in a single alphabetical sequence.
  • Give publication information or DOI or URL if online. Provide URL of item (use the permanent link).
  • Include date viewed if content is not fixed (i.e., likely to be edited or updated).