In-text citations


African villages are often … (Goh 1984, p.  132).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between single quotation marks ' ' and provide the page number(s) from the book.

Lee Goh (1984, p. 5) describes the landscape of Africa as 'extremely variable due to  …'.

Reference list


Author Year, Title: Subtitle, # ed., vol. #, Publisher, City.

Goh, L 1984, African voyages, 2nd edn, vol. 2, Greyguides, Montreal.

  • Edition information is only given for editions other than the first edition. If no edition statement is shown on the book, assume it’s the first (and no statement is needed).