CHICAGO & TURABIAN

In-text citations

Paraphrasing

Keith Barrett's lecture on cell structure ...1

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " ".

"Remember that the cell structure in amphibians differs from ..."4

Full note

ONLINE DOCUMENT/FILE

1. Keith Barrett, “Cell Structure” (topic notes, Biology 112 tutorials, Barrett Education, June 19, 2010), accessed June 20, 2010, http://www.barrett.edu/openaccess/courses/lectureNotes.

ONLINE LECTURE

2. Rebecca Claskich, “BOT234: Week 1 Video Lecture,” posted June 2, 2015, accessed June 3, 2015, http://www.hewsoncollege.com/watch?v=-v6LKvGQIL7.

PRINT HANDOUT

3. Lee Huang, “The Cost of Retribution” (class handout, Ethics 123, Central University, Townsville, March 5, 2012).

Subsequent notes

4. Barrett, “Cell Structure.”

5. Claskich, “BOT234 Lecture.”

6. Huang, “Cost of Retribution.”

Bibliography

TEMPLATE

See notes below.

Barrett, Keith. “Cell Structure.” Topic notes prepared for Biology 112 tutorials, Barrett Education, June 19, 2010. Accessed June 20, 2010. http://www.barrett.edu/openaccess/courses/lectureNotes.

Claskich, Rebecca. “BOT234: Week 1 Video Lecture.” Posted June 2, 2015. Accessed June 3, 2015. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-v6GNvGWIL5.

Huang, Lee. “The Cost of Retribution.” Class handout distributed in Ethics 123, Central University, Townsville, March 5, 2012.

**Seek advice from your teacher or lecturer before citing lecture/class material as sources.

  • ONLINE LECTURES, PRESENTATIONS: These are recoverable so can be cited as sources but only if permitted by your teacher or lecturer. Treat according to type (e.g., video post, website document, etc.).
  • LIVE CLASSES, LECTURES AND PRESENTATIONS: These are not recoverable. If permitted for use as a source, treat as personal communications (see Other resources, Personal communication).
  • PRINT CLASS MATERIAL, HANDOUTS: These are not recoverable if available only to participating students. If permitted for use as a source, treat as for Huang example, above.