CHICAGO & TURABIAN

In-text citations

Paraphrasing

In a recent letter to the editor ...4

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) in the note.

"I would like to make readers aware that ..."10

Fullnote

4. Jamila Khan, letter to the editor, Australian, September 7, 2012.

Subsequent notes

10. Khan, letter to editor, 43.

Bibliography

TEMPLATE

Author. Letter to the editor. Newspaper name, Date.

Khan, Jamila. Letter to the editor. Australian, September 7, 2012.

  • Give author, article title (in quotation marks), newspaper/magazine name (italics) and date of issue.
  • If no author is credited, begin with article title in the note but newspaper/magazine name in bibliography.
  • Omit any ‘The’ from beginning of newspaper name. If city is not in name, add in round brackets.
  • Page references can be omitted from newspaper articles (they may be unreliable due to multiple editions of a single issue) but should be included when citing magazine articles.
  • If accessed online, treat as for print article and add access date and URL or DOI. If the article is a digital replica of a print edition (e.g., from Trove), page numbers can be added.