In-text citations


Kennedy's assassin has been identified as ...1

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " ".

"The president was shot today as he ..."7

Full note

1. Jim Hunt, “Assassin Kills Kennedy,” Chicago Tribune, November 22, 1963.

Subsequent notes

7. Hunt, “Assassin Kills Kennedy.”



Author. "Article title." Newspaper name, Date.

Hunt, Jim. “Assassin Kills Kennedy.” Chicago Tribune, November 22, 1963.

  • Give author, article title (in quotation marks), newspaper/magazine name (italics) and date of issue.
  • If no author is credited, begin with article title in the note but newspaper/magazine name in bibliography.
  • Omit any ‘The’ from beginning of newspaper name. If city is not in name, add in round brackets.
  • Page references can be omitted from newspaper articles (they may be unreliable due to multiple editions of a single issue) but should be included when citing magazine articles.
  • If accessed online, treat as for print article and add access date and URL or DOI. If the article is a digital replica of a print edition (e.g., from Trove), page numbers can be added.