Author variations

In each section of this guide, you will see examples of shortened notes for each category of source type.

Author variations

Full note

ONE AUTHOR

1. F. Scott Fitzgerald, …

TWO AUTHORS

2. Hazel Smith and R. T. Dean, …

THREE AUTHORS

3. Parsad Davinder, Sunil Dogra, and Amrinder Jit Kanwar, …

FOUR OR MORE AUTHORS

4. Jane Medwell et al., …

GROUP AUTHOR (ORGANISATION OR GOVERNMENT)

5. World Health Organization [WHO], …

BASIC

  • Present the author’s name as it appears on the source.
  • In the note, present the name in normal order;   i.e., First name (and/or initials) Surname.
  • In the bibliography, present the name in reverse order; i.e., Surname, First name (and/or initials).

MORE THAN ONE AUTHOR

  • Two or three authors: Name all authors in the note and bibliography. Join the last author by ‘and’.
  • Four or more authors: In the note, name first author only followed by ‘et al.’. Name all in bibliography.
  • In the bibliography, present the first author’s name in reverse order; present co-authors’ names in normal order.

GROUP AUTHOR

  • If  there is no personal author credited, give the group as the author (even if it is also the publisher).
  • Give the name in full in the first note and in a bibliography entry.
  • Use the accepted abbreviation (include in the first full note) in all subsequent notes if the group has a long name.