In-text citations


Those new to writing will benefit from the many topics covered in this book including ...3

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) in the note.

"Correct grammar is essential because ..."7


3. William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style, 4th ed. (New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000), 41–50.

Subsequent notes

7. Strunk and White, Elements of Style, 58.



Author. Title. # ed. City, State/Country: Publisher, Year.

Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

  • Add edition description after title (abbreviate to ‘ed.’).
  • Edition information is not given for first editions. (If no edition statement is shown, assume it is the first.)