CHICAGO & TURABIAN

In-text citations

Paraphrasing

Those new to writing will benefit from the many topics covered in this book including ...3

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) in the note.

"Correct grammar is essential because ..."7

Fullnote

3. William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style, 4th ed. (New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000), 41–50.

Subsequent notes

7. Strunk and White, Elements of Style, 58.

Bibliography

TEMPLATE

Author. Title. # ed. City, State/Country: Publisher, Year.

Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

  • Add edition description after title (abbreviate to ‘ed.’).
  • Edition information is not given for first editions. (If no edition statement is shown, assume it is the first.)