Online or e-book


In-text citations


The Great Gatsby is set in the roaring twenties ...2

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) in the note.

"Gatsby entered the room with an air of contempt ..."4

Full note


1. Scott Dorkins, Good Times (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), accessed February 28, 2010,


2. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2003), Kindle edition.  NB: Turabian uses single word ‘Kindle’ (without edition).

Subsequent notes

3. Dorkins, Good Times, chap. 10

4. Fitzgerald, Great Gatsby.



Author. Title. City, State/Country: Publisher, Year. Accessed date. DOI/URL.

Dorkins, Scott. Good Times. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. Accessed February 28, 2010.

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2003. Kindle edition.

NB: Turabian uses single word ‘Kindle’ (without edition).

  • Treat as for a print book in the relevant category.
  • If pages are not static, give relevant heading or chapter or other numbered division as a location reference.
  • If book is consulted online, add Access date and URL, DOI or database name.
  • If downloaded as a dedicated e-book, add 'e-reader' format. No access date or URL is needed.
  • Note that Turabian uses the single word ‘Kindle’, and Chicago uses ‘Kindle edition’.