CHICAGO & TURABIAN

In-text citations

Paraphrasing

The great Gatsby is set in the roaring twenties ...2

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) in the note.

"Gatsby entered the room with an air of contempt ..."4

Fullnote

ACCESSED ONLINE

1. Scott Dorkins, Good Times (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), accessed February 28, 2010, http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/goodtimes/.

DOWNLOADED AS E-BOOK

2. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2003), Kindle edition.  NB: Turabian uses single word ‘Kindle’ (without edition).

Subsequent notes

3. Dorkins, Good Times, chap. 10

4. Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby.

Bibliography

TEMPLATE

Author. Title. City, State/Country: Publisher, Year. Accessed date. DOI/URL.

Dorkins, Scott. Good Times. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/goodtimes/.


Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2003. Kindle edition.

NB: Turabian uses single word ‘Kindle’ (without edition).

  • Treat as for a print book in relevant category.
  • If pages are not static, give relevant heading or chapter or other numbered division as location reference.
  • If book is consulted online, add access date and URL, DOI or database name.
  • If downloaded as a dedicated e-book, add e-reader format. No access date or URL is needed.
  • Note that Turabian uses the single word ‘Kindle’, and Chicago uses ‘Kindle edition’.