Speech (recorded)


In-text citations


During his speech Dr Martin Luther King stated with great passion ...4

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"I have a dream!"4

Full note


1. Patrick Henry, “Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death” (speech, Richmond, Virginia, March 23, 1775), in The Penguin Book of Historic Speeches, ed. Brian MacArthur (London: Penguin, 1995), 88–90.


2. Paul Keating, “The Redfern Address” (speech, Redfern, December 10, 1992), transcript, accessed 14 July 2016, http://aso.gov.au/titles/spoken-word/keating-speech-redfern-address/.


3. John F. Kennedy, “Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner)” (speech, Berlin, June 26, 1963), video file, accessed May 11, 2016, http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkberliner.html.


4. Martin Luther King, Jr., “I Have a Dream” (speech, Washington, DC, August 28, 1963), MP3, accessed April 2, 2016, http://www.thekingcenter.org/archive/, 00:01:03.

Subsequent notes

5. Henry, “Give Me Liberty.”

6. Keating, “Redfern Address.”

7. Kennedy, “Ich bin ein Berliner.”

8. King, “I Have a Dream.”



Speaker's name. "Title of speech." Speech, City, State/Country, Date. Format. Accessed date. URL.

Henry, Patrick. “Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death.” Speech, Richmond, Virginia, March 23, 1775. In The Penguin Book of Historic Speeches, edited by Brian MacArthur, 88–90. London: Penguin, 1995.

Keating, Paul. “The Redfern Address.” Speech, Redfern, December 10, 1992. Transcript. Accessed 14 July 2016. http://aso.gov.au/titles/spoken-word/keating-speech-redfern-address/extras/.

Kennedy, John F. “Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner).” Speech, Berlin, June 26, 1963. Video file. Accessed May 11, 2016. http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkberliner.html.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. “I Have a Dream.” Speech, Washington, DC, August 28, 1963. MP3. Accessed April 2, 2016. http://www.thekingcenter.org/archive/.

  • Begin entry with speaker. Give title of speech in quotation marks, and place and date of speech.
  • If accessed in a print source, treat like a chapter in a book.
  • If accessed online, add file type, access date and URL.