Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


Reid (1998) found that dysfunctional drivers ...

Dysfunctional drivers cause … (Reid, 1998).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s).

"Dysfunctional drivers have caused chaos on most major freeways … (Reid, 1998, p. 56).

Reference list

Print (Unpublished)


Author. (Year). Title of thesis [Unpublished type of thesis]. Institution. 

Reid, J. M. (1998). A cognitive study of dysfunctional driving behaviours [Unpublished doctoral thesis]. University of Melbourne.

Online from a repository


Author. (Year). Title of thesis[Thesis type, Institution]. Name of repository or archive. DOI/URL

Ryan, D. A. (2013). Crowd monitoring using computer vision [Doctoral thesis, Queensland University of Technology]. QUT ePrints.

Online from a library database


Author. (Year). Title of thesis. (Thesis publication No.) Database name.

Sutherland, A. M. (2016). Technology for single cell protein analysis in immunology and cancer prognostics. (Order No. 3738948ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.