Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations


Schembri (2008) states that the motion picture Australia has ...

Baz Luhrmann's movie Australia has attracted large audiences … (Schembri, 2008).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s).

Croggon (2014) commented that "Private Lives is a play that resonates with many audiences because ..".

Reference list


Reviewer. (Year, Month Day). Title of review [Review of the film/ book etc Title of work reviewed, by name of principal contributor, role]. Name of Publication. URL

Film review (print newspaper)

Schembri, J. (2008, November 10). [Review of the motion picture Australia, by B. Luhrmann, Dir.]. The Age, p. 8.

Theatre review (online)

Croggon, A. (2014, January 31). [Review of the play Private lives, by N. Coward, Melbourne Theatre Company, Southbank Theatre, Melbourne, 2014]. The Guardian Australia.

  • Give the author and date of the review.
  • Give the title of the review followed by a description (no italics except for title of work being reviewed) in square brackets. If the review has no title, give a description alone in square brackets.
  • Where the work being reviewed is a book, omit the author’s role after their name.
  • Where the work being reviewed is a live performance e.g. a play, you may include the location and year of the performance to enable the reader to identify the production.
  • Format remaining parts according to the publication type (e.g., newspaper article, online post, etc.).