Tweet

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations

This category covers posts and comments that are recoverable. Posts that are protected by privacy settings should be treated as personal communications; see Other sources; Personal communication.

Paraphrasing

West (2013) pays tribute to Mandela's life work …

In a recent Twitter, Barack Obama paid tribute to Aretha Franklin who was well known as the Queen of Soul Obama, 2018).

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the paragraph number.

"In her voice, we could feel our history, all of it and in every shade—our power and our pain, our darkness and our light, our quest for redemption and our hard-won respect" (Obama, 2018, para. 1).

Reference list

Tweet

TEMPLATE

Author [Screen name]. (Year, Month Day). Title [Form]. Website name. URL

Badlands National Park [@BadlandsNPS]. (2018, February 26). Biologists have identified more than 400 different plant species growing in @BadlandsNPS #DYK #biodiversity [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/BadlandsNPS/status/968196500412133379

  • Give the real name of the poster, followed by their exact screen name in square brackets. Use just their screen name without brackets if their real name is unknown.
  • Give the exact date of the post.
  • Give up to the first 20 words of the tweet as title (no italics). If there is anything included in the Tweet such as GIFs, images or links, indicate this in square brackets after the title.
  • Add the form in square brackets to the title.
  • Give the full URL of the post.

Twitter profile

TEMPLATE

Author [Screen name]. (n.d.). Title [Form]. Website name. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL

APA Style [@APA_Style]. (n.d.). Tweets [Twitter profile]. Twitter. Retrieved November 1, 2019, from https://twitter.com/APA_Style

  • Give the real name of the poster, followed by their exact screen name in square brackets. Use just their screen name without brackets if their real name is unknown.
  • Use n.d. (no date) if using an entire feed or page and not a specific post.
  • The title will be the tab title, usually Tweets for a Twitter feed.
  • Add the form “Twitter profile” in square brackets to the title.
  • Give the full URL of the post. If the item is archived, give the archived version URL (click post’s date stamp).
  • A retrieval date is needed for whole feeds because the content will change over time.