Map, chart, illustration, figure, table

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations

If there is no author or artist recorded for the image, use the title in the position the author would normally be in. Please note, in APA the word “figure” is used to refer to all images, graphs, charts and visual material.

When citing figures in the text of your work, you need to acknowledge them in two places:

  • within the written body of your paper, as you would for a normal in-text reference, and
  • below the figure.

In-text citations

Within the written body 

  • Within the written body of your paper, cite the figure as you would for a normal in-text reference.
  • Refer to the figure by its assigned number. Do not refer to the figure as “the Figure above/below”, or “the Figure on page 17”.

The city of Casey as shown in Figure 4 … (Victorian Electoral Commission, 2012).

The Victorian Electoral Commission (2012) published a very useful map, shown in Figure 4 …

Below the figure


Figure x. Title or description of image. Adapted/Reprinted from Source Name, by Author, Year, URL

Figure 1: City of Casey: Local council boundaries. Reprinted from by Victorian Electoral Commission, 2012,


Reference list



Author. (Year). Title [Form]. Publisher. DOI/URL

Victorian Electoral Commission. (2012). City of Casey: Local council boundaries [Map].

  • Give the author and the year of publication. If the author is the same as the publisher, there is no need to state a publisher before the URL.
  • Then the title of the item (no italics) and add form (e.g., ‘Map’, ‘Photograph’) in square brackets. If no title or caption, give a short description in the same square brackets as form.



Author. (Year). Title [Form]. Publisher.

Timms, P. E. (2006). Colonial settlement in Tasmania. Tiger Press.

  • Give an in-text citation and reference entry for the print source containing the item, not the item itself. The title should be in italics. Add the identifying number to the in-text citation: ‘… (Timms, 2006, Figure 2)’.