Book or journal article
Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.
If there is no artist recorded for the image, use the title in the position the author would normally be in. Please note, in APA the word “figure” is used to refer to all images, graphs, charts and visual material.
When citing figures in the text of your work, you need to acknowledge them in two places:
- within the written body of your paper, as you would for a normal in-text reference, and
- below the figure.
Reference the figure in your list according to the source you found it in. So if you retrieved it from a journal article, just reference the actual article as normal.
Within the written body
- Within the written body of your paper, cite the figure as you would for a normal in-text reference, using the author of the article or book you found the image in.
- Refer to the figure by its assigned number. Do not refer to the figure as “the Figure above/below”, or “the Figure on page 17”.
As shown in Figure 1 . . . (Fernandez-Lizarbe et al., 2013).
Figure 1 illustrates . . . (Fernandez-Lizarbe et al., 2013).
The data shows . . . (Fernandez-Lizarbe et al., 2013, Figure 1).
Below the figure
Figure x. Image description by Creator. Adapted/Reprinted from “Book Title”, by Author, Year, p. xx. Publisher.
Online journal article
Figure x. Image description by Creator. Adapted/Reprinted from “Journal Article Title”, by Author, Year, Journal name, Volume(Issue), p. xx. URL or DOI
Figure 1. Hunting family by Hippy Wanganeen. Reprinted from "Our mob: Art by South Australian Aboriginal artists," by M. Fletcher, 2013, Artlink, 34(2), p. 101. https://www.artlink.com.au
Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, vol(issue), xx–xx. DOI or URL
Fletcher, M. (2014). Our mob: Art by South Australian Aboriginal artists. Artlink, 34(2), 101-102. https://www.artlink.com.au